I have a large amount of litecoins, I am lucky enough to have bought in before things shot up, but I still can't stop checking the price 10 times or more a day, sometimes just staring mindlessly at the bitcoin wisdom chart. I gotta move on, and try to forget about my investment. Any ideas? I'm seriously contemplating hypnosis therapy!
Bitcoin Trading Pattern in China Observable on BitcoinWisdom 30 Minute Charts
The daily fluctuations in Chinese trading volume can be seen on the 30 minute BitcoinWisdom charts of BTCChina, Huobi, and OKCoin. They are very similar. These charts are also showing a U shaped price pattern over the last 2 and half days. You can see a two phases of price drops over Monday and Tuesday China time. It looks like Tuesday was a capitulation day for bitcoin in China. Enough of those sitting on the fence dumped their holdings that a snapback rally started Wednesday morning. This rally has almost returned the price to where it was at the start of trading Monday morning in China. These are in stark contrast to the trading volume and price fluctuations on Bitstamp, Bitfindex, BTC-e, and Kraken. The drop on these 4 western exchanges was not as dramatic and probably accounts somewhat for the snapback rally in China/
Alright guys, Ive been working on this for a while and a post on here by a guy describing his portfolio here was the final kick in the ass for me to put this together. I started writing this to summarize what Im doing for my friends who are beginners, and also for me to make some sense of it for myself Hopefully parts of it are useful to you, and also ideally you guys can point out errors or have a suggestion or two. I'm posting this here as opposed to investing or canadianinvestor (blech) because they're just gonna tell me to buy an index fund. This first section is a preamble describing the Canadian tax situation and why Im doing things the way that I am. Feel free to skip it if you dont care about that. Also, there might be mistake regarding what the laws are here so dont take my word for it and verify it for yourself please. So here in Canada we have two types of registered accounts (theres actually more but whatver). There is the TFSA "Tax Free Savings Account", and RRSP "Registered Retirement Savings Account" For the sake of simplicity, from the time you turn 18 you are allowed to deposit 5k (it changes year to year based on inflation etc)in each of them. That "room" accumulates retroactively, so if you haventdone anything and are starting today and you are 30 you have around 60k you can put in each of them. The prevailing wisdom is that you should max out the TFSA first and you'll see why in a minute. TFSA is post tax deposits, with no capital gains or other taxes applied to selling your securities, dividends or anything else. You can withdraw your gains at any time, and the amount that you withdraw is added to the "room" you have for the next year. So lets say I maxed out my TFSA contributions and I take out 20k today, on January of next year I can put back in 20k plus the 5 or whatever they allow for that year. You can see how powerful this is. Theres a few limitations on what is eligable to be held in the TFSA such as bitcoin/bitcoin ETFs, overseas stocks that arent listed on NYSE, TSX, london and a few others. You can Buy to Open and Sell to Close call and put options as well as write Covered Calls. The RRSP is pre-tax deposits and is a tax deferred scheme. You deposit to lower your income tax burden (and hopefully drop below a bracket) but once you retire you will be taxed on anything you pull out. Withdrawing early has huge penalties and isnt recommended. You are however allowed to borrow against it for a down payment as a first time home buyer. The strategy with these is that a youngperson entering the workforce is likely to be in a fairly low tax bracket and (hopefully) earns more money as they get older and more skilled so the RRSP has more value the greater your pre-taxincome is. You can also do this Self Directed. Its not relevant to this strategy but I included it for the sake of context. Non registered accounts ( or any other situation, such as selling commercial real estate etc) is subject to a capital gains tax. In so far as I understand it, you add all your gains and losses up at the end of the year. If its a positive number, you cut that number IN HALF and add it to your regular pre-tax income. So if I made 60k from the dayjob and 20k on my margin account that adds up to 70k that I get taxed on. if its a loss, you carry that forward into the next year. Theres no distinction between long term and short term. Also physical PMs are treated differently and I'll fill that part in later once I have the details down. The reason why all that babble is important is that my broker Questrade, which isnt as good as IB (the only real other option up here as far as Im aware) has one amazing feature that no other broker has: "Margin Power" If you have a TFSA and a Margin account with them, you can link them together and have your securities in the TFSA collateralise your Margin account. Essentially, when it comes to the Maintenance Excess of the Margin Account QT doesnt care if its in the TFSA *or* the Margin! You can see how powerful this is. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ So as you can tell by the title, a lot of this is heavily inspired by Chris Cole's paper "The Allegory of the Hawk and the Serpent". You can read it here: https://www.artemiscm.com/welcome#research Between it, his interviews and my mediocre options skills at the time my mind was blown. Unfortunately I didnt know how to do the Long Volatility part until after the crash in March but I've since then had nothing but time to scour the internet and learn as much as I could. The way I interpret this isnt necessarily "what you should have right now", but what abstracted model they were able to backtest that gave them the best performance over the 90 years. Also, a lot of my portfolio I already had before I started trying to build this. As such my allocations dont match the proportions he gave. Not saying my allocations are better, just showing where they are at this time. I'm going to describe how I do Long Volatility at the end rather than the beginning since the way *I* do it wont make sense until you see the rest of the portflio. Physical PMs 22% I'm not sure wether he intended this to be straight up physical gold or include miners and royalty streaming companies so I will just keep this as physical. I consider Silver to be a non-expiring call option on gold, so that can live here too. I am actually *very* overweight silver and my strategy is to convert a large portion of it to gold (mostly my bars) to gold as the ratio tightens up. If youre into crypto, you can arguably say that has a place in this section. If an ETF makes sense for part of your portfolio, I suggest the Sprott ones such as PHYS. Sprott is an honest business and they actually have the metal they say they have. If you have enough, you can redeem your shares from the Royal Canadian Mint. The only downside is that they dont have an options chain, so you cant sell covered calls etc. Simple enough I suppose. One thing to bear in mind, there is a double edged sword with this class of assets. They're out of the system, theyre nobody's business but your own and theres no counter party. That unfortunately means that you cant lever against it for margin or sell covered calls etc. You can still buy puts though (more on that later) Commodity Trend (CTA) 10% https://youtu.be/tac8sWPZW0w Patrick Ceresna gave a good presentation on what this strategy is. Until I watched this video I just thought it meant "buy commodities". A real CTA does this with futures also so aside from the way he showed, there are two other ETFs that are worth looking at. COM - This is an explicit trend following ETF that follows a LONG/FLAT strategy instead of LONG/SHORT on a pile of commodity futures. So if they get a "sell" signal for oil or soybeans they sell what they have and go to cash. COMT- Holds an assortment of different month futures in different commodities, as well as a *lot* of various related shares in producers. Its almost a one stop shop commodities portfolio. Pays a respectable dividend in December If you want to break the "rules" of CTA, and include equities theres a few others that are also worth looking at KOL- This is a coal ETF. The problems with it are that a lot of the holdings dont have much to do with coal. One of them is a tractor company. A lot of the companies are Chinese so theres a bit of a red flag. Obviously Thermal Coal, the kind used for heating and powerplants isnt in vogue and wont be moving forward...but coking coal is used for steel manufacturing and that ain't going anywhere. The dividend is huge, pays out in December. A very very small position might be worth the risk. Uranium- I'm in URA because thats the only way for me to get exposure to Kazatoprom (#1 producer), which is 20% of the holdings. The other 20% is Cameco (#2 producer)and then its random stuff. Other than that I have shares in Denison which seems like its a good business with some interesting projects underway. I'm still studying the uranium space so I dont really have much to say about it of any value. RSX- Russia large caps. If you dont want to pick between the myriad of undervalued, high dividend paying commodity companies that Russia has then just grab this. It only pays in December but it has a liquid options chain so you can do Covered Calls in the meantime if you want. NTR- Nutrien, canadian company that was formed when two others merged. They are now the worlds largest potash producer. Pretty good dividend. They have some financial difficulties and the stocks been in a downtrend forever. I feel its a good candidate to watch or sell some puts on. I'm trying to come up with a way to play agriculture since this new phase we're going to be entering is likely to cause huge food shortages. EURN and NAT- I got in fairly early on the Tanker hype before it was even hype as a way to short oil but I got greedy and lost a lot of my gains. I pared down my position and I'm staying for the dividend. If you get an oil sell signal, this might be a way to play that still. Fixed Income/Bonds 10% Now, I am not a bond expert but unless youre doing some wacky spreads with futures or whatever... I dont see much reason to buy government debt any more. If you are, youre basically betting that they take rates negative. Raoul Pal of Real Vision is pretty firm in his conviction that this will happen. I know better than to argue with him but I dont see risk/reward as being of much value. HOWEVER, I found two interesting ETFs that seem to bring something to this portfolio IVOL- This is run by Nancy Davis, and is comprised of TIPS bonds which are nominally inflation protected (doubt its real inflation but whatever) overlayed with some OTC options that are designed to pay off big if the Fed loses control of the long end of the yield curve, which is what might happen during a real inflation situation. Pays out a decent yield monthly TAIL- This is a simpler portfolio of 10yr treasuries with ladder of puts on the SPX. Pays quarterly. Equities 58% (shared with options/volatility below) This is where it gets interesting, obviously most of this is in mining shares but before I get to those I found some interesting stuff that I'm intending to build up as I pare down my miners when the time comes to start doing that. VIRT- I cant remember where I saw this, but people were talking about this as a volatility play. Its not perfect, but look at the chart compared to SPY. Its a HFT/market making operation, the wackier things get the more pennies they can scalp. A 4% dividend isnt shabby either. FUND- This is an interesting closed end fund run by Whitney George, one of the principals at Sprott. He took it with him when he joined the company. Ive read his reports and interviews and I really like his approach to value and investing. He's kind of like if Warren Buffett was a gold bug. Theres 120 holdings in there, mostly small caps and very diverse...chicken factories, ball bearings all kinds of boring ass shit that nobody knows exists. Whats crucial is that most of it "needs to exist". Between him, his family and other people at Sprott they control 40% or so of the shares, so they definitely have skin in the game. Generous dividend. ZIG- This is a "deep value" strategy fund, run by Tobias Carlisle. He has a fairly simple valuation formula called the Acquirer's Multiple that when he backtested it, is supposed to perform very well. He did an interview with Chris Cole on real Vision where he discusses how Value and Deep Value havent done well recently, but over the last 100 years have proven to be very viable strategies. If we feel that theres a new cycle brewing, then this strategy may work again moving forward. I want to pause and point out something here, Chris Cole, Nassim Taleb and the guys at Mutiny Fund spend a lot of effort explaining that building a portfolio is a lot like putting together a good basketall team. They need to work together, and pick up each others slack A lot of the ETFs I'm listing here are in many ways portfolios in and of themselves and are *actively managed*. I specifically chose them because they follow a methodology that I respect but I can't do myself because I dont have the skill, temperament or access to. The next one is a hidden gem and ties into this. I'm not sure how much more upside there is in this one but man was I surprised. SII- Sprott Inc. I *never* see people listing this stock in their PMs portfolios. A newsletter I'm subscribed to described this stock as the safest way to play junior miners. Their industry presence, intellectual capital and connections means that they get *the best* private placement deals in the best opportunities. I cant compete with a staff like theirs and I'm not going to try. I bought this at 2.50, and I liked the dividend. Since then they did a reverse split to get on the NYSE and like the day after the stock soared. When it comes to mining ETFS I like GOAU and SILJ the best. None of their major holdings are dead weight companies that are only there because of market cap. I dont want Barrick in my portfolio etc. SGDJ is a neat version of GDXJ. Aside from that my individual miners/royalty companies are (no particular order) MMX SAND PAAS PGM AUM AG MUX RIO- Rio2 on the tsx, not rio tinto KTN KL Options/Volatility: varies So this is where we get to the part about options, Volatility and how I do it. I started out in the options space with The Wheel strategy and the Tastytrade approach of selling premium. The spreads and puts I sell, are on shares listed above, in fact some of those I dont hold anymore. Theres tons of stuff on this in thetagang and options so I wont go into a whole bunch (and you shouldnt be learning the mechanics from me anyway) but theres one thing I want to go over before it gets wild. If I sell a Cash Secured Put, from a risk management perspective its identical to just buying 100 shares of the underlying security. You are equally "Short Vol" as well, it just that with options its a little more explicit with the Greeks and everything. But if I use my margin that I was talking about earlier, then I can still collect the premium and the interest doesnt kick in unless Im actually assigned the shares. But if I sell too many puts on KL or AG, and something happens where the miners get cut down (and lets be real, they all move together) my margin goes down and then I get assigned and kaboom...my account gets blown up So what I need to do, is balance out the huge Short Vol situation in my portfolio, be net Long Vol and directly hedge my positions. Since the overwhelming majority of my equities are all tied to bullion this is actually a very easy thing to do. Backspreads https://youtu.be/pvX5_rkm5x0 https://youtu.be/-jTvWOGVsK8 https://youtu.be/muYjjm934iY So I set this up so the vast majority of my margin is tied up in these 1-2 or even 1-3 ratio put spreads that *I actually put on for a small credit*, and roll them every once in a while. I run them on SLV, and GDX. I keep enough room on my margin so I can withstand a 10% drawdown before it sets off the long end of the spreads and then I can ride it out until it turns around and we keep the PM bull market going. Theres another cool spread I've been using, which is a modified Jade Lizard; if already hold shares, I'll sell a put, sell a covered call, and use some of the premium to buy a longer dated call. Ive been running this on AG mostly. I have a few more spreads I can show you but Im tired now so it'll have to wait for later. As I said multiple times, I do intend to trim these miners later but now isnt the time for that IMO. I'm also monitoring this almost full time since I have an injury and have nothing better to do until I heal :p
Two Roads Diverge | Monthly FIRE Portfolio Update - May 2020
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth Robert Frost, The Road Not Taken This is my forty-second portfolio update. I complete this update monthly to check my progress against my goal. Portfolio goal My objective is to reach a portfolio of $2 180 000 by 1 July 2021. This would produce a real annual income of about $87 000 (in 2020 dollars). This portfolio objective is based on an expected average real return of 3.99 per cent, or a nominal return of 6.49 per cent. Portfolio summary Vanguard Lifestrategy High Growth Fund – $727 917 Vanguard Lifestrategy Growth Fund – $42 128 Vanguard Lifestrategy Balanced Fund – $78 569 Vanguard Diversified Bonds Fund – $110 009 Vanguard Australian Shares ETF (VAS) – $187 003 Vanguard International Shares ETF (VGS) – $39 987 Betashares Australia 200 ETF (A200) – $225 540 Telstra shares (TLS) – $1 726 Insurance Australia Group shares (IAG) – $7 741 NIB Holdings shares (NHF) – $5 652 Gold ETF (GOLD.ASX) – $117 714 Secured physical gold – $18 982 Ratesetter (P2P lending) – $11 395 Bitcoin – $159 470 Raiz app (Aggressive portfolio) – $16 357 Spaceship Voyager app (Index portfolio) – $2 492 BrickX (P2P rental real estate) – $4 477 Total portfolio value: $1 757 159 (+$62 325 or 3.7%) Asset allocation Australian shares – 41.4% (3.6% under) Global shares – 22.2% Emerging markets shares – 2.3% International small companies – 3.0% Total international shares – 27.4% (2.6% under) Total shares – 68.8% (6.2% under) Total property securities – 0.3% (0.3% over) Australian bonds – 4.4% International bonds – 9.7% Total bonds – 14.1% (0.9% under) Gold – 7.8% Bitcoin – 9.1% Gold and alternatives – 16.9% (6.9% over) Presented visually, below is a high-level view of the current asset allocation of the portfolio. [Chart] Comments This month featured a further recovery in the overall portfolio, continuing to effectively reduce the size of the large losses across the first quarter. The portfolio has increased by around $62 000, leading to a portfolio growth of 3.7 per cent. This means that around half of the large recent falls have been made up, and the portfolio sits around levels last reached in October of last year. [Chart] Leading the portfolio growth has been increases in Australian shares - particularly those held through the Betashares A200 and Vanguard VAS exchange traded funds, with both gaining over four per cent. Most other holdings remained steady, or fell slightly. Markets appear to be almost entirely disconnected from the daily announcements of the sharp effects of the global coronavirus pandemic and the resulting restrictions. Bond and equity markets seem to have different and competing expectations for the future, and equity markets - at best - are apparently intent on looking through the immediate recovery phase to a new period of strong expansion. [Chart] On some metrics, both major global and Australian equity markets can be viewed as quite expensive, especially as reduced dividends announced have largely yet to be delivered. Yet if historically low bond yields are considered, it can be argued that some heightening compared to historical equity market valuations may be sustainable. Reflecting this moment of markets holding their breath before one of two possible futures plays out, gold and Bitcoin remain elevated, and consequently above their target weightings. Perhaps the same contending forces are in evidence in a recent Australian Securities and Investment Commission study (pdf) which has found that average Australian retail investors have reacted to uncertainty by activating old brokerage accounts, trading more frequently, and holding securities for shorter periods. My own market activity has been limited to purchases of Vanguard Australian shares ETF (VAS) and the international share ETF (VGS), to bring the portfolio closer to its target allocations. Will Australia continue to be lucky through global slow downs? Despite this burst of market activity in the retail market, it is unclear how Australian markets and equities will perform against the background of a global economic slowdown. A frequently heard argument is that a small open trade exposed commodities provider such as Australia, with a more narrowly-based economy, may perform poorly in a phase of heightened risk. This recent Bank of England paper (pdf) makes the intriguing suggestion that this argument is not borne out by the historical record. In fact, the paper finds that industrial production in Australia, China and a mere handful of other economies has tended to increase following global risk shocks. A question remaining, however, is whether the recovery from this 'risk shock' may have different characteristics and impacts than similar past events. One key question may be the exact form of government fiscal and monetary responses adopted. Another is whether inflation or deflation is the likely pathway - an unknown which itself may rely on whether long-term trends in the velocity of money supply continue, or are broken. Facing all uncertainties, attention should be on tail risks - and minimising the odds of extreme negative scenarios. The case for this is laid out in this moving reflection by Morgan Housel. For this reason, I am satisfied that my Ratesetter Peer-to-Peer loans have been gradually maturing, reducing some 'tail risk' credit exposures in what could be a testing phase for borrowers through new non-bank lending channels in Australia. With accrued interest of over $13 000, at rates of around 9 per cent on average, over the five years of the investment, the loans have performed relatively well. A temporary sheltering port - spending continues to decline This month spending has continued to fall even as lockdown and other restrictions have slowly begun to ease. These extraordinary events have pushed even the smoothed average of three year expenditure down. [Chart] On a monthly basis credit card spending and total expenses have hit the lowest levels in more than six years. Apparently, average savings rates are up across many economies, though obviously individual experiences and starting points can differ dramatically. Total estimated monthly expenditure has also fallen below current estimates of distributions for the first time since a period of exceptionally high distributions across financial year 2017-18. The result of this is that I am briefly and surprisingly, for this month, notionally financially independent based on assumed distributions from the FIRE portfolio alone - at least until more normal patterns of expenditure are resumed. Following the lines of drift - a longer view on progress made Yet taking a longer view - and accounting for the final portfolio goal set - gives a different perspective. This is of a journey reaching toward, but not at, an end. The chart below traces in purely nominal dollar terms the progress of the total portfolio value as a percentage of the current portfolio goal of $2.18 million over the last 13 years. It also shows three labels, with the percentage progress at the inception of detailed portfolio data in 2007, at the start of this written record in January 2017, and as at January 1 of this year. [Chart] Two trend lines are shown - one a polynomial and the other exponential function - and they are extended to include a projection of future progress out to around 18 months. The line of fit is close for the early part of the journey, but larger divergences from both trend lines are evident in the past two years as the impact of variable investment returns on a larger portfolio takes hold. There are some modest inaccuracies introduced by the nominal methodology adopted - such as somewhat discounting early progress. A 2007 dollar had greater 'real' value and significance than is assigned to it by this representation. The chart does demonstrate, however, the approximate shape and length of the early journey - with it taking around 5 years to reach 20 per cent of the target, and 10 years to reach around half way. Progress Progress against the objective, and the additional measures I have reached is set out below. Measure Portfolio All Assets Portfolio objective – $2 180 000 (or $87 000 pa) 80.6% 108.4% Credit card purchases – $71 000 pa 98.3% 132.3% Total expenses – $89 000 pa 78.8% 106.0% Summary With aspects of daily life slowly and incrementally adjusting to a 'new normal', the longer-term question for the portfolio remains around how markets and government actions interact in a recovery phase. The progress of the portfolio over the past 13 years has seemed, when viewed from afar as in chart above, predictable, and almost inevitable. Through the years it has felt anything but so smoothly linear. Rather, tides and waves have pushed and pulled, in turn stalling progress, or pushing it further ahead than hopes have dared. It is possible that what lays ahead is a simple 'return leg', or more of the same. That through simple extrapolation around 80 per cent of the challenges already lay behind. Yet that is not the set of mind that I approach the remainder of the journey with. Rather, the shortness of the distance to travel has lent an extra focus on those larger, lower probability, events that could delay the journey or push it off-course. Those 'third' risks types of tail risks which Morgan Housel points out. In one sense the portfolio allocation aims to deal - in a probabilistic way - with the multiple futures that could occur. Viewed in this way, a gold allocation (and also Bitcoin) represents a long option on an extreme state of the economic world arising - as it did in the early 1980s. The 75 per cent target allocation to equities can be viewed as a high level of assurance around a 'base case' that human ingenuity and innovation will continue to create value over the long term. The bond portfolio, similarly, can be seen as assigning a 15 per cent probability that both of these hypotheses are incorrect, and that further market falls and possible deflation are ahead. That perhaps even an experience akin to the lengthy, socially dislocating, post-bubble phase in Japan presided over by its central bank lays in store. In other interesting media consumed this month, 'Fire and Chill', the brand new podcast collaboration between Pat the Shuffler and Strong Money Australia got off to an enjoyable start, tackling 'Why Bother with FIRE' and other topics. Additionally, investment company Incrementum has just published the latest In Gold We Trust report, which gives an arrestingly different perspective on potential market and policy directions from traditional financial sources. The detailed report questions the role and effectiveness of traditionally 'risk-free' assets like government bonds in the types of futures that could emerge. On first reading, the scenarios it contains appear atypical and beyond the reasonable contemplation of many investors - until it is recalled that up to a few years ago no mainstream economics textbook would have entertained the potential for persistent negative interest rates. As the paths to different futures diverge, drawing on the wisdom of others to help look as far as possible into the bends in the undergrowth ahead becomes the safest choice. The post, links and full charts can be seen here.
New Lands, or New Eyes? | Monthly FIRE Portfolio Update - April 2020
The real voyage of discovery consists not in seeking new landscapes, but in having new eyes. - Marcel Proust, Remembrance of Things Past This is my forty-first portfolio update. I complete this update monthly to check my progress against my goal. Portfolio goal My objective is to reach a portfolio of $2 180 000 by 1 July 2021. This would produce a real annual income of about $87 000 (in 2020 dollars). This portfolio objective is based on an expected average real return of 3.99 per cent, or a nominal return of 6.49 per cent. Portfolio summary Vanguard Lifestrategy High Growth Fund – $697 582 Vanguard Lifestrategy Growth Fund – $40 709 Vanguard Lifestrategy Balanced Fund – $76 583 Vanguard Diversified Bonds Fund – $110 563 Vanguard Australian Shares ETF (VAS) – $174 864 Vanguard International Shares ETF (VGS) – $31 505 Betashares Australia 200 ETF (A200) – $215 805 Telstra shares (TLS) – $1 625 Insurance Australia Group shares (IAG) – $7 323 NIB Holdings shares (NHF) – $5 904 Gold ETF (GOLD.ASX) – $119 458 Secured physical gold – $19 269 Ratesetter (P2P lending) – $12 234 Bitcoin – $158 360 Raiz app (Aggressive portfolio) – $16 144 Spaceship Voyager app (Index portfolio) – $2 435 BrickX (P2P rental real estate) – $4 471 Total portfolio value: $1 694 834 (+$127 888 or 8.2%) Asset allocation Australian shares – 40.9% (4.1% under) Global shares – 21.7% Emerging markets shares – 2.2% International small companies – 3.0% Total international shares – 26.9% (3.1% under) Total shares – 67.8% (7.2% under) Total property securities – 0.3% (0.3% over) Australian bonds – 4.5% International bonds – 9.9% Total bonds – 14.4% (0.6% under) Gold – 8.2% Bitcoin – 9.3% Gold and alternatives – 17.5% (7.5% over) Presented visually, below is a high-level view of the current asset allocation of the portfolio. Comments This month featured a sharp recovery in the overall portfolio, reducing the size of the large losses experienced over the previous month. The portfolio increased by over $127 000, representing a growth of 8.2 per cent, which is the largest month-on-month growth on record. This now puts the portfolio value significantly above the levels of a year ago. [Chart] The expansion in the value of the portfolio has occurred due to an increase in Australian and global equities markets, as well as substantial increases the price of Bitcoin. This is effectively the mirror image of the simultaneous negative movements last month. From a nadir of initial pessimism in late March, markets have generally moved upwards as debate continues about the path of a likely economic recession and recovery from Coronavirus impacts over the coming year. [Chart] First quarter distributions from the Australian and Global Shares ETFs (A200, VAS and VGS) were received this month. These were too early to fully reflect the sharp economic activity impacts of the Coronavirus and lockdown period on company earnings. Despite this, they were significantly down on a cents per unit basis on the equivalent distributions last year. Totalling around $2700, these distributions formed part of new contributions to Vanguard's Australian shares ETF (VAS). The rapid falls in equity have many participants looking forward to a return to normalcy, or at least more open to the pleasing ideas that nerves have been held in a market fall comparable to 2000 or 2008-09, and that markets now represent clear value. As discussed last month, there should be caution and some humility about these questions, if some historical perspective is taken. As an example, the largest global equity market in the world - the United States - remains at valuation levels well above those experienced in previous market lows. Portfolio alternatives - tracking changes under the surface A striking feature of the past year or so has been the expansion of the non-traditional or 'alternatives' components of gold and Bitcoin as a proportion of the overall portfolio. Currently, when combined these alternative assets form a greater part of the portfolio than at any point over the past two years. The chart below shows that since January 2019 the gold and Bitcoin component of the portfolio has lifted from around its long term target level of 10 per cent, to now make up over 17 per cent of the portfolio. In the space of the last four months alone, it has lifted from 13 per cent. [Chart] With no purchases of either gold or Bitcoin over the period, the growth in the chart is the result of two reinforcing factors: A substantial fall in the value of the equity portfolio - reaching nearly $200 000 since the recent February market peak has naturally and mathematically led to a commensurate increase the proportion of other assets. Increases in the value of gold and Bitcoin - have also played a role with a total appreciation of around $150 000 across the two assets over the past 16 months. In fact, the value gold holdings alone have increased by over 40 per cent since January last year. Further appreciation of either gold or Bitcoin prices, particularly if any further falls in equity markets occur, could easily place the portfolio in the same position as experienced in January 2018. At that time these alternative assets made up 1 in every 5 dollars of the portfolio, an unusual, and in that case temporary phenomenon. This represents a different portfolio and risk exposure than that envisaged in my portfolio investment plan. Yet, equally it is critical to recall what the circumstances would likely be for this to arise. Simultaneously high gold and Bitcoin prices are more likely to occur in a situation of severe capital market dislocation, or falling confidence. On the other hand, should confidence and equity market growth be restored, both of these portfolio components could fall back to lower levels. It is difficult to tell which state of the world will eventuate, a key reason for diversification across asset types. United States government debt is already at record levels - equivalent in real terms to levels last seen when it emerged out of the Second World War - despite no similar national effort having being undertaken. Future inflation can potentially partly manage this burden, however, the last sustained episode of persistently high inflation rates during the decade of the 1970s spelt negative real returns. Where investors expect future inflation or financially 'repressive' policies of inflation exceeding interest rates, the economic growth required to 'grow out' of debt can be affected. At this point, my inclination is to address this circumstance gradually through time by re-balancing of distributions and new contributions, rather than to realise capital gains by selling assets at one, or several, points in time. Chasing down the lines - falling average spending in lockdown Since the implementation of lockdown restrictions, average credit card expenditure has fallen by nearly 30 per cent. This has taken credit card expenditure to lower than any similar period in the past six years. Partly as a result of this - as the chart below shows - a new development is occurring. The previously fairly steady card expenses line (red) is now starting to bend down towards, or 'chase', the rolling average distributions line (in blue). [Chart] The declining distributions line is a result of some previous high distributions gradually falling outside of the data 'window' for the rolling three-year comparison of distributions and expenditure. This intriguing picture will probably change before a cross-over occurs, as lockdown restrictions ease, and as the data feeding into the three year average slowly changes over time. Progress Progress against the objective, and the additional measures I have reached is set out below. Measure Portfolio All Assets Portfolio objective – $2 180 000 (or $87 000 pa) 77.7% 104.6% Credit card purchases – $71 000 pa 94.8% 127.6% Total expenses – $89 000 pa 76.0% 102.3% Summary Last month market volatility theoretically took progress down to below most of my financial independence benchmarks on an 'All Assets' (i.e. portfolio and superannuation assets) basis. This position has reversed this month. As markets have recovered and with additional spare time in the lockdown period, I have continued to seek out and think about different perspectives on the history and future of markets. Yet it must be recognised that there is a natural limit to the utility of these ponderings. The shape of the future is always uncertain, and in this world, confident comparisons and analogies with past events can be perilous. Comparisons with past periods of financial market crises miss the centrality of government action as a causal influence on the path of virus affected economies and markets. A virus and recovery is not the same as a global financial crisis originating in housing finance markets addressed through monetary and fiscal stimulus. Most developed country governments have quickly applied the same, if not larger versions of responses as applied in the global financial crisis, a distinguishing step that also makes analogies with the great depression era problematic. Similarly, a pandemic is not hitting and interacting with the shattered economic and health systems of the 1918-19 Spanish flu. Overlaying all of this is the imperfect and partially disconnected relationship between the economy today, and equity markets that discount and focus on the future. This makes all history's lessons more than usually caveated and conditional. One avenue for managing through these times is to focus on what does not change - the psychological difficulty of accepting alterations in financial circumstances and the capacity of markets movements to cruelly surprise us in both timing and direction. One of the best texts to read to get a sense of both of these in such times is Benjamin Roth's A Great Depression Diary. This tells of the day-by-day changes observed in everyday urban life and investment markets, from the point of view of an American small retail investor living through the times. This month also saw the exciting news that Pat the Shuffler and Strong Money Australia are combining efforts to produce a new podcast. Speaking of which, Big ERN's reflections on the current implications of sharemarket market movements for seekers of financial independence have been filled with insight and wisdom. This interesting piece (video) - the latest in a 'virus' market series - from New York University's Professor of Finance Aswath Damodaran on asset performances through the past few months - is a more technical and detailed discussion of how markets have re-priced businesses and profits. Finally, the recently released Hmmminar interview series provides a more heterodox set of speakers and ideas on current markets, presented by Grant Williams. Unlike predicting the future, seeking out different perspectives on it is perhaps the easiest it has ever been in history. While it is not always possible to change the course taken, it is possible to look at the same horizon with new eyes. The post, links and full charts can be seen here.
Hi everyone! Hope everyone’s doing well in their homes. As you shelter yourself from COVID-19, what better way to spend a few hours than catching up on another week at Parachute + partners (13 Mar - 19 Mar'20): Cap started off the week with the first ever Friday Chat – a weekly discussion event to be held each Friday on a current topic. This week we talked about Bitcoin in light of the recent dip and 41% people being in the money (47% are out of the money) wrt $BTC. Foo hosted his first ever Parena. And it was super fun! In the latest #FPL update shared by LordHades, Alexis leads the charts with 1692 points followed by LH at 1688 and NovelCloud at 1668. I’m Clueless (Joakim) and 3, 2, 1 Lindelof (Chris) have been closing in to top 3 steadily as well. Bose’s Friday TTR Trivia had 1k $PAquestion in prizes. Alejandro hosted a gun mode CoD Mobile flash game in the War Zone this week for some cool $PAR prizes. Victor hosted an “easy” trivia in TTR. Charlotte hosted another quiz for a 10k $PAR prize pot. Plus, the Tiproom turned a year old this week. To celebrate the occasion, Doc Vic hosted a photography contest. Followed by a TTR birthday Parena MC’ed by Foo as well. For Two-For-Tuesday this week, Gian made it a free4all. No fixed theme. Thank you for keeping the playlist updated again Sebastian. GC closed off 2FT with a flash game. And if all the Coronavirus news has you feeling down, Clinton has been spreading positivity through some good news that’s been going around as well. Just look up “#goodnewsclint” in the Parachute channel. For #wholesomewed this week, Parachuters talked about how they would use USD 100k to help the maximum number of people. Wicked good artwork by Amaan in light of the beating that crypto took recently In aXpire news, Matthew published a blog post on trends in legal billing software. The latest update video talks about aXpire’s COVID-19 preparedness amongst other weekly news. Track this week’s $AXPR burn here. WednesdayClub (a project of WednesdayCoin) was opened up for everyday use to help folks stuck at home to earn some crypto. Sadly the coronavirus crisis saw 2gether crew fighting a different category of fires. Crypto transfers had to be briefly paused because of sluggish traffic on the BTC blockchain. This was subsequently resolved as well but with a purchase limit for the time being. Like last week, the purchase feature had to be temporarily disabled but was restored soon. To address all doubts, especially in light of the current pandemic situation, CEO Ramon Ferraz wrote an announcement post to explain updates on the platform. The support channels will continue to remain open to redress all grievances. If you’ve missed the last 2 weeks at Fantom, don’t forget to read the consolidated update. The project announced a partnership with Band Protocol to use their oracles on the Opera mainnet. Want to see some latest stats on how the Uptrennd platform has been faring? Luke has got your back. He compiled some figures and put them out in an article. A new community dedicated to Coronavirus was added to Uptrennd. Plus, the crew opened up another public vote to choose the next project for a free review + marketing package on the platform. For the latest Weekly and Dev Update from District0x, click here and here respectively. More insights from 2gether’s report on female crypto users To help track possible Coronavirus infections, Silent Notary has built a solution using IDL and Ubikiri. Unstoppable Domains is now available in OST’s Pepo Store. As a follow up to the first part on SelfKey’s expansion strategy in the identity management space (shared a few weeks back), the second part was published this week. Zipmex joined SelfKey’s exchange marketplace. If you want to survive a data breach, don’t forget to read the guide made by the $KEY crew. Constellation Co-Founder and CRO Benjamin Diggles shared an update on the project’s progress in the Dcode accelerator and other government efforts. In his interview with CYT-Crypto, CEO Benjamin Jorgensen talked about the importance of community. Yazom founder Sanje Witter wrote about COVID-19 (origin, structure, prevention etc.) in his latest article. Did you know that Pynk’s Rose AI was correctly able to correctly predict the recent market crash? How did it do that? Two words: Crowd Wisdom. Read all about it here. In this week’s Harmony live video, CEO Stephen Tse and COO Li Jiang talked about the project development vis-à-vis COVID-19. For the weekly #pow thread, click here. Plus, last week’s video update is out as well. The team also started a Harmony Validator Spotlight series this week to highlight validators helping secure Harmony. Everstake became a Harmony staking partner. Pangaea Phase 2 (which is Pt. III or IV) was launched. Still not sure how to delegate your $ONE tokens for staking by validators. Watch this video demo to learn. And hope you didn’t miss the community hangout. Sentivate’s latest roadmap update In addition to integrations from past few weeks, Hydro also integrated aggregation software Yodlee and financial data provider Xignite to its platform. Is your head spinning from all these integrations? The crew made it is simple with an explainer about its middleware APIs. Hydrogen also launched a new No-Code personal financial management (PFM) app. Have a look! Biz Dev Mark Anstead was at the Milwaukee Blockchain Conference this week to speak about Barriers to Adoption. For an early sneak peek into the Hydro Vault, click here. Intellishare founder Raymond Xiong sat down for an AMA with the community this week. Click here to read the transcript. Global Crypto Alliance’s $CALL token was listed on StakeSwap this week. $COTI stakers can now claim their rewards directly from the mainnet wallet. If you missed COTI’s Tech AMA last week, you can catch up on the transcript here. DoYourTip’s $DYT token was added to Uniswap this week. The crew also announced a bounty for doing some swaps over there. For the latest update report, click here. And with that, it’s a wrap! See you again with another update. Ciao!
MKR Holder DAI-gest: Week 17, 2020: Action Required: The State of the Peg
Action Required: The State of the Peg
MKR Holder DAI-gest: Week 17, 2020
Governance Recap April 23, 2020
![Imgur](https://i.imgur.com/Jg3loyp.gifv) MKR Holder DAI-gest is a weekly Maker governance recap that is written by the community for the community. The best source of Maker Community information is through active participation and engagement. This supplemental publication strives to present all relevant facts and remain free of editorial opinion (Big 3 takeaway excepted). The statements made herein are not the opinions or statements of the Maker Foundation. DAI-gest is Now Available on Amazon Alexa as a Skill. You can enable it at https://skills-store.amazon.com/deeplink/dp/B087NH82D1?deviceType=app&share&refSuffix=ss_copy for all of your Alexa compatible devices. Then say, "Alexa, Open Maker Governance Digest" and you'll hear the latest issue. Coming soon to Itunes. Subscribe to MKR Holder's DAI-gest on Substack - Free Corrections / Comments / Suggestions / Other: @adrianhacker-pdx in the Official Maker Forums or [email protected]
Big 3 Take-Aways for the Week:
Understanding the MIPS framework that is being proposed right now is essential. It is a lot of information to sort through, so take it in small pieces if that will help you to focus and retain the information. Here is a link to an indexed list of all the MIPS (outside the forum). It is the entire framework of an introductory governance framework and collateral on-boarding procedures. You will find the MIP number, title, and sentence summary with a link to the forum discussion. See below for two additional sub-proposals added to MIPS 0 through 12.
The state of the peg has caused concern within and without the MakerDAO community. Some of the larger Maker holders stepped forward and posted their concerns around the state of the peg directly in the Maker forum. This spurred a lot of momentum in the platform, discussed further in this issue.
Intention to implementation. The DAO is getting very busy, and thought needs to be given to determining the feasibility of proposals, getting buy-in, and recruiting the appropriate skill sets in the community. Timing is key. The DAO is in need of a project management framework that is effortless and easily integrated into the current systems.
Dispositioned Governance Agenda
LongForWisdom is proposed, second governance facilitator. He said "Yes!".
Wrapped BTC has been proposed for collateral on-boarding.
USDC Risk parameter adjustment and on-boarding additional stable coins such as PAX and TUSD.
On-boarding LINK as a new collateral type.
Self-sustaining DAO: MIPS 0 - 12 - Ratification timeline and two additional sub-proposals have been shared in the forum.
Urgent - State of the Peg - Getting DAI back on soft-peg to a Dollar after it has been trading high following black Thursday.
SCD shutdown going to Executive Vote on April 24, 2020, three-week delay to follow for a final shutdown date of May 12, 2020.
Zero bid auction post mortem data evaluation - Maker Man currently completing the data analytics from black Thursday. This part is moving behind the scenes. A report is forthcoming in the next several weeks.
Public relations consortium - Communication team to create consistent and representative communications on behalf of the DAO and to report meaningful ecosystem sentiment back to the governance community. The team has been having weekly meetings, a first report is due by the end of the month.
Governance vote cadence - the timing for which executive voting happened for certain parameters. This may be overridden by the MIPS governance cycle.
Compensating Zero Bid Vault Owners. The poll was affirmative to compensate vault holders. Currently waiting on data analytics from Maker Man before restarting in another thread.
DeFi Emergency shutdown consortium
Dark fix - "
Flip / Flop auction usability
Maker token authority
Precedent for on-chain polling. Signaling started to determine the governance community's feelings about having foundation member proposals require on-chain polling. The forum thread seems to have died.
GSM delay - raise the delay from 4 hours to 12 hours for enacting Executive Votes, as a safety precaution.- Ratified
MKR Debt Auctions - Completed successfully
Deep dive into collateral on-boarding - Presentation to community completed, see forum for the movement
Governance cycle: MIPS 3 Presented in G and R Call - Presentation completed, see forum for the movement
Since the Black Thursday event of March 12, 2020, DAI has consistently been trading above the one Dollar price soft-peg it is supposed to maintain. Sometimes grossly over peg by over ten cents. In recent weeks it has been slowly trending back to a Dollar but has not quite gotten there. Confidence has not yet fully returned regarding the recent market volatility. Also, people are holding on to stable coins due to market fears. This has caused a serious lack of DAI liquidity, creating high demand, and affecting the peg. Prices this last week ranged from one to two cents above peg. Paraficapital, a larger corporate Maker holder in the governance community posted their concerns in the forum and related the sentiment of worry in the ecosystem regarding DAI being off the peg. This brought about immediate discussion and action regarding monetary policy and collateral on-boarding. The most recent passed Executive Vote contains monetary policy to make minting DAI more lucrative from USDC. Also, some exciting new collateral types are being considered for use in the MakerDAO platform. More on that next...
WBTC as a new collateral type?
WBTC also is known as wrapped Bitcoin is currently being evaluated by the Maker governance community to be on-boarded as approved vault collateral. Wrapped Bitcoin is Bitcoin that is held by the WBTC DAO and then tokenized 1:1 on the Ethereum (ERC-20) blockchain. Bitcoin on the Ethereum blockchain you ask!? It's already here, you can trade it on the https://Oasis.app . Many players in the DeFi ecosystem are excited about this step. Bitcoin is the most popular and most valuable cryptocurrency. While there is a small amount of WBTC use on current DeFi platforms, it was stated that people have been waiting for Maker to adopt WBTC as a collateral type. It was also said that using WBTC as ERC-20 collateral is the primary use case for ERC-20 Bitcoin. Forum links are listed below for this subject.
Other Collateral Considerations
In addition to WBTC, LINK is being considered for on-boarding as approved vault collateral as well as additional stable coins such as PAX and TUSD. All of these collateral options are hoped to help bring back sufficient DAI liquidity and help return the DAI price peg to exactly one Dollar. Again, see below for the forum links regarding these new collateral types.
MIPS 0 - 12 Due for Initial Polling; if Passed Moving on to Executive Vote
MIPS 0 through 12 has been a high focus subject in the governance community for the last few weeks. These are the first documents that spell out a governance and collateral on-boarding framework for a self-sufficient DAO. This is the beginning of the two to three-year process of handing full control of MakerDAO to the governance community and dissolving the foundation. The very nice flow chart below shows the two possible scenarios for approval or rejection of these MIPS in the Timing Governance Poll. Forum links can be found below for further information. ![MIP Implementation Timeline](https://i.imgur.com/sny6rOf.png)
Single Collateral DAI shutdown is very close. An Executive Vote for shutting down SCD is supposed to be posted on or shortly after April 24, 2020. There will then be a 3-week delay for shutting down. This will give time for people to close out their vaults, and hopefully drain the migration contract. Stability fees are going to be set to zero to incentivize the closing of vaults. If you are still holding SAI as of the time it shuts down, you should be able to redeem your SAI for ETH via the migration portal at https://migrate.makerdao.com
Here is a guide from MakerDAO about becoming involved in Governance. The meeting is held every Thursday, 17:00 UTC. During the postmortem and corrective action phase of the recent crypto market prices and resulting fiasco there has been a daily call. This is expected to drop to two calls over the next week. Please check the forums for information related to ad-hoc governance and risk calls that may be happening. Governance and Risk Meeting Community Guide * Understand the issues that are discussed and governance themes that get explored to build a healthy, secure, Maker Platform. * Get info on how to connect by phone or webcam. * Explore meeting archives.
No big surprises in impact to market sectors. Airlines, hotels, and oil hit the worst. Consumer staples and utilities hit the least.
Some surprises in impact by market cap. Traditional wisdom would predict small caps would be hit the worst, then mid caps, then large caps, as people flee to the safety of blue chips. The data shows a more mixed result with some small and mid cap deciles holding up better than large caps.
Analyzing by best performers from the previous year, the traditional wisdom would be that the highest fliers would be the hardest hit, but again the actual results are more mixed. Some deciles on the worst and best ends were hit less than deciles in the middle. This argues somewhat against the idea that recent high performers are so over-bought (Damodaran said "richly valued") that they would fall the most in a correction.
Gold vs. "Millennial's Gold" (Bitcoin): Chart shows gold vs. bitcoin moving in opposite directions, which argues against the idea that Bitcoin is a safe haven similar to gold.
Bottom line: As a function of the decline in 2020 earnings and the percentage recoupment by 2025, where 100% is as if coronavirus didn't exist and 2020 was on the same trajectory as it was before the crisis. S&P 500 ranges from a worst case of 2423 (-20% earnings drop in 2020, 0% recoupment) to best case of 3068 (-5% earnings drop in 2020, 100% recoupment).
Negative indicators for equity values to watch for:
More downward adjustments to earnings guidance
Earnings actuals significantly down YoY
10Y T-bond stays below 1% yield
VIX stays near historic highs (increasing equity risk premium)
Cash flow actuals significantly down, with attendant dividend cuts and reduced rate of new buybacks
A Grey Dawn Breaking? | Monthly Portfolio Update - June 2019
I must go down to the seas again, to the lonely sea and the sky, And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by; And the wheel’s kick and the wind’s song and the white sail’s shaking, And a grey mist on the sea’s face, and a grey dawn breaking. – John Masefield, Sea Fever This is my thirty-first portfolio update. I complete this update monthly to check my progress against my goals. Portfolio goals My objectives are to reach a portfolio of:
$1 598 000 by 31 December 2020. This should produce a real income of about $67 000 (Objective #1) - Achieved
$1 980 000 by 31 July 2023, to produce a passive income equivalent to $83 000 (Objective #2)
Both of these are based on an expected average real return of 4.19%, or a nominal return of 7.19%, and are expressed in 2018 dollars. Portfolio summary Vanguard Lifestrategy High Growth Fund – $772 490 Vanguard Lifestrategy Growth Fund – $44 487 Vanguard Lifestrategy Balanced Fund – $80 006 Vanguard Diversified Bonds Fund – $107 352 Vanguard Australian Shares ETF (VAS) – $88 322 Betashares Australia 200 ETF (A200) – $260 499 Telstra shares (TLS) – $2 052 Insurance Australia Group shares (IAG) – $14 405 NIB Holdings shares (NHF) – $9 204 Gold ETF (GOLD.ASX) – $92 340 Secured physical gold – $14 807 Ratesetter* (P2P lending) – $22 011 Bitcoin – $186 350 Raiz* app (Aggressive portfolio) – $15 744 Spaceship Voyager* app (Index portfolio) – $1 991 BrickX (P2P rental real estate) – $4 643 Total value: $1 716 703 (+$118 079) Asset allocation Australian shares – 40.2% (4.8% under) Global shares – 21.5% Emerging markets shares – 2.5% International small companies – 3.2% Total international shares – 27.2% (2.8% under) Total shares – 67.4% (7.6% under) Total property securities – 0.3% (0.3% over) Australian bonds – 5.2% International bonds – 10.0% Total bonds – 15.2% (0.2% over) Gold – 6.2% Bitcoin – 10.9% Gold and alternatives – 17.1% (7.1% over) Presented visually, below is a high-level view of the current asset allocation of the portfolio. [Chart] Comments The portfolio has experienced the strongest growth on record through this month, with a total increase of $118 000. This pushes the portfolio well beyond Objective #1 to over $1.7 million. [Chart] This has followed a period of unprecedented growth in the absolute value of the portfolio, with an increase of almost $400 000 since January. A remarkable consequence of this is that over 20 per cent of the entire value of the portfolio has come into existence in this short six month period. [Chart] This unbroken record instinctively invites expectations of a sharp - and possibly a quite sustained - reversal. I am determined, however, to act in accordance with my asset allocation decisions, not on the basis of overconfidence in my own capacity to predict or time markets. The key contributors to growth this month have been continued appreciation in the price of Bitcoin, and even more significantly, increases in the value of Australian equities and gold. Lower official cash rates have strongly supported equity value growth, and a sharp increase in the price of gold has occurred. Combined, the gains in equities and gold accounted for over half of the total monthly increase. New investments this month were focused on Australian equities. Following the lowering of the management fee of the Vanguard ETF VAS - tracking the ASX300 index - to 0.10 per cent from 1 July, I also made my first new investment in VAS for eighteen months. This lowering leads to the VAS ETF becoming significantly more competitive in fees with the Betashares A200 (which charges 0.07 per cent). It also offers some (small) additional diversification benefit through tracking an additional 100 smaller listed companies. Accounting for volatility and Bitcoin in asset allocation The sharp increase Bitcoin's value over the past month has brought the combination of alternatives (gold and Bitcoin) to just over 17 per cent of my portfolio, higher than sought. Bitcoin continues to serve a role providing portfolio diversification, but its recent increase has actually correlated with a rise in Australian equities. Recent price volatility leaves me conscious that the market value of these holdings could quite easily slip down to $50 000, its position a few short months ago. If there is a star to steer by in such times, it is provided by the target asset allocation. Tracking back towards that in a time of intense volatility is the task at hand. To ensure Bitcoin volatility is not unduly driving asset allocation decisions, however, I have started to test any new investment action I am considering taking on a 'with' and 'without' basis. This involves notionally backing Bitcoin completely out of the portfolio (or, more realistically, adopting a trailing average value) and assessing whether or not the asset allocation 'signal' for the direction of future investments changes. The reason for doing this is to check that I am not undertaking hard to undo portfolio actions monthly merely as a response to Bitcoin's unique price variations. At one extreme if I remove Bitcoin from allocation considerations (e.g. assume it has no value), I have actually already achieved my target equity allocation of 75 per cent. Taking a less extreme approach, however, of attributing just a lower trailing average value results in a continued signal to make new equity investments. Waiting for the next set of distributions This period prior to July distributions being finalised and paid always has a quality of uncertainty and contingency about it. Distributions have been quite volatile over time, principally due to different distribution levels from Vanguard retail funds. In turn, these are likely due to maintaining asset allocations, and irregular distributions of underlying capital gains. My current July distribution estimates are for around $2600 from the Betashares A200 ETF, $800 from Vanguard's VAS ETF, and around $16 000 to $23 000 from the Vanguard retail funds. These are based on median and average past distributions over the past 10 years for the funds and the already announced distributions in the case of the ETFs. This could to mean that in early July I may have around $20 000 of newly available capital to re-invest in the market, however, these estimates are just that. In the past, distributions have at times been both dramatically less and more than anticipated. For example, the Vanguard High Growth fund has twice recently produced July distributions at levels above $30 000. Following distributions being paid I will be looking to re-invest the capital in accordance with my target allocation. Two factors will likely drive these decisions. First, as discussed above the portfolio remains under its assigned equity allocation. Second, after a year of almost exclusive contributions to Australian equities, the target for that component is almost reached. This means that a proportion of future contributions will be directed to international equities, to target the 60/40 per cent split I have set based on academic research on the historical record of the optimum balance of reducing volatility while maximising risk adjusted returns. History of Australian equities research This month the Reserve Bank of Australia issued a new research paper (pdf) on the history of Australian equities. This draws on newly collected and analysed historical data on the past century of Australian share market returns, improving on previous incomplete or simplified data sets. Some of the key findings of this report have potential implications for my future portfolio planning. For example, the paper finds:
Dividend yields since the 1980s have averaged around 4.0 per cent, and prior to that have been 200 basis points lower than previously estimated
The historical geometrics and arithmetic average equity risk premium (the equity return in excess of the 10 year bond rate) is between 4.0 and 5.2 per cent, lower than previous estimates Australian and US equity returns are historically very similar
The overall composition of the Australian share market by sector is remarkably similar to a century ago
For several years leading up to 2018, the Australian equity market has tracked its historical valuation measures quite closely, with lower than historically average volatility
One implication of this is that in future investment policy reviews, I may need to lower my current estimate of long term real equity returns (currently 5.65 per cent). Progress Progress against the objectives, and the additional measures I have reached is set out below. Measure Portfolio All Assets Objective #1 – $1 598 000 (or $67 000 pa) 107.4% 144.5% Objective #2 – $1 980 000 (or $83 000 pa) 86.7% 116.7% Credit card purchases - $73 000 pa 98.6% 132.6% Total expenses - $96 000pa 75.0% 100.9% Summary The rapid growth in the portfolio has been somewhat disorientating. On an 'All Assets' basis, this has meant that all current expenses could theoretically be met from the portfolio and superannuation assets. Nonetheless, while this is pleasing, my focus remains on reaching my financial independence goals using just the portfolio assets. The higher markets reach, the more interested I become in learning what I can from other periods of volatility. This has led to absorbing the book Wealth, War and Wisdom, a fascinating study of financial markets and returns through the convulsions of the twentieth century's world wars and Cold War tensions. It examines the challenge of the protection of real wealth in extreme conditions, finding that a diversified portfolio of real and paper assets, including a large weighting to equities, generally performed well. The Australian FIRE community has also been sinking its teeth into launches of the 'Playing with FIRE' documentary. For those not able to make one of the premieres, AussieFireBug's most recent podcast provides a really enjoyable post-viewing conversation reflecting on its strengths and weaknesses. Also this month Big ERN has published an interesting guest post on safe withdrawal rates over 60 year periods. It makes the point that the 'rule' of 4 per cent can be risky and misleading over long time scales, with withdrawal rates of 3.5 per cent significantly decreasing the failure risk. The passing of the winter solstice a week ago brings with it the promise of longer and lighter days ahead. The distributions to come also evoke a sense of a possible grey dawn breaking. In just a few days, the mists should lift and navigation of the portfolio towards my financial independence goals should be significantly clearer. The post and full charts can be viewed here.
10 things I wish someone had told me when I was learning to trade crypto
While I consider myself an amateur trader and a small-scale investor, over the 2+ years of trading crypto I've learned some things I'd like to share with you all, but mostly with those who are making their first steps into the uncharted cryptoland.
Just as with anything else in life, trading cryptocurrencies is context dependent. That means you should remain a healthy sceptic about general truths, universal rules and things that "everyone knows". Consider the famous "buy low sell high" dictum. The definition of high and low is subjective in most cases since it depends on your timescale, goals and trading strategy. If you’re a hodler, as are many of the fellow redditors here, your high and low will differ dramatically compared to the day trader's.
It is for the same reason that bulls and bears don't really matter. Whether you're 'bullish' or 'bearish' depends on your strategy and timescale. Consider this: to someone hodling BTC since 2013 a dip here or there (even a prolonged one) makes little difference because the price of BTC over the time continues to grow monstrously – you can call it one long-term bull market.
At some point, you'll bump (or you already have) into something that is called 'technical analysis'. Let me save you some time (and money, probably) by telling you this: technical analysis is neither technical, nor is it very analytical. While many traders regard TA to be a scientific way (supposedly based on mathematics) to read and predict the market moves, TA has little to do with any formal science. Differently from the surrounding physical world, we are not aware of any physical laws that govern our human behavior, including markets. If it was possible to mathematically calculate and with certainty predict market moves, the big buck guys in Wall Street would have already done it. Think about the major financial crises for a moment – just like the Spanish Inquisition, nobody (well, almost nobody) ever expected one. Does it mean TA – trends, chart patterns, MACD, RSI, Elliot wave count, etc. – is a complete rubbish? I wouldn't go as far as to claim that. It is somewhat helpful – if only a little, TA still gives you a feel of the current market mood. TA also does one other thing pretty accurately: it graphically represents historic data of human behavior in the financial markets. Surely you can benefit from that? Or do you? This brings me to another point...
Beware of historical analogies and 'I knew it all along' thing. As humans, we are prone to hindsight bias, a tendency, after an event has occurred, to see it as having been easily predictable. We are all blinded by hindsight bias because our brain looks for simplistic linear link between cause and effect. This way when an unexpected event happens, the brain uses the knew-it-all-along mode to cope with cognitive dissonance and make sense of the surrounding world. While trading hindsight bias harms you in two ways: a) it drains you psychologically for not making 'the right' decisions in the past, and by luring you into oversimplified historic analogies, b) it creates a false sense of investment security at the present time. Just look at everyone complaining they've sold their BTC at the worst possible time (as a matter of fact, I am no different – I still autodestructively loathe my decision to liquidate a large portion of my BTC portfolio after the BTC price hiked to 8k). It is also very tempting to think you wouldn't miss 'the next bitcoin'. The problem is, though, that it is incredibly difficult if at all possible to spot such an opportunity. You have to be either lucky or extremely well informed (and lucky) to capitalize early on such opportunity. In reality, it's very difficult to differentiate between useless information (noise) and something that truly matters (signal). Which brings me yet to another point...
Stop being a news junkie and start filtering what you read/heasee. If you don't, at some point in time the quantity of consumed news will start to impact your decisions and it will begin to negatively correlate with the net gain of your investment portfolio. Instead of reading news nonstop, better educate yourself – dive deep into the market fundamentals and the technology you're dealing with. This way it will be easier for you to spot new lucrative investment opportunities when the time comes.
Accept the fact that idiots also happen to make lots of money and move on. Multiple times too, if they're lucky ones. However, the net worth of (lucky) idiot doesn't mean you should imitate him and become one. Some two months ago a Dutch father of two young children sold his family's house, bought BTC and other cryptocurrencies, and relocated his family to a rented property. After the recent spike in BTC price the guy's net worth must have increased substantially. So, is he an idiot? Absolutely! It is only a question of time before he ruins his own and his family's life with some incredibly reckless financial decision.
Try to understand the motives governing your decisions and act (or don't act) accordingly. If your actions are about to be driven by extreme emotions such as fear, panic or excitement – stop immediately and reevaluate the situation. Otherwise you'll end up belonging to the FOMO buyepanic seller club aka the money losers. If you want to stay on the earning side long term, you must keep your head cool and think clearly.
Day trading is probably not for you. Consider this: evidence in neuroscience research shows that we are a loss-averse species. For this we should thank our stone age ancestors who had barely enough food, shelter and belongings to survive in a very adverse world. Losing even a little of what they had meant their existence was in jeopardy. This explains why contemporary humans prefer avoiding financial loss to making financial gain. Neuroscientists claim that losing money activates the same area of the brain that responds to mortal danger. This is why in order to do day trading you must have A LOT of self-control and balls of steel – there are many ups and downs during a single day. It drains you emotionally, you end up being addicted to adrenaline, your fiancée hates it, and the hodlers will probably outperform you in the long run anyway.
Volatility is your friend. Over time BTC volatility makes the coin stronger, not weaker. While wild swings in price makes BTC almost impossible to use as a currency, volatility is good from the financial asset point of view. Traders and investors dealing with BTC get used to huge and sudden price hikes and dips. Unlike for any 'stable' stock of any prominent multinational corporation, even substantial and unexpected shocks will not undermine the confidence in BTC. BTW, best of luck to everyone planning to short BTC. :)
Make small mistakes, learn from them, get wiser, err less. In your childhood days, you needed the experience of burning your hand with fire so that for the rest of your life you wouldn't need to think about the painful experience. That information is now hardwired in your brain and helps you to avoid getting harmed. If you've just started trading crypto, expect to make mistakes and prepare to learn from them. It's only after you get into FOMO, get panicked big time, take too big a risk, get out too early only to jump in at the worst possible time, ONLY and ONLY then you'll start to improve.
The Road to Wisdom The road to wisdom? —Well, it's plain and simple to express: Err and err and err again, but less and less and less. — Piet Hein Hope that was helpful.
Bitcoins Bitcoins (BTC) the most valuable and talked about cryptocurrency is a digital floating exchange that is most used actively on trades of exchanges. https://preview.redd.it/mtmqalo4fzm41.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=bae8e53adb94963b83e9b8137ae6504e576f50a2 Launched in 2009, it is considered to be a digital firm which has grown wildly over the past years, used mostly for online purchases and an investment There are numerous trading platforms and online exchanges that let you trade bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. But the main thing you have to beware of is trading costs, platform security, and reputation/trust of the bitcoins suppliers. Which place is safe to buy this Bitcoins? Bitcoins, not sponsored by any government. Instead of, you can buy bitcoins from bitcoins mining community or else you can also buy them with dollars or nearly any other currency. As noted, there are few places where you can safely buy this bitcoins CoinBase Coinbase is the largest and most reputed Bitcoin platform functioning in the United States. It is one of the easiest places to start with Bitcoin which offers both an exchange and wallet in one choice. It supports Bitcoin Cash, Ethereum and Litecoin. Once you sign up and connect your bank account, you can easily transfer funds in and out of your account and convert them to Bitcoin and back to dollars at will. You can access it through both the Web app or mobile app. It utilizes two-factor authentication and keeps redundant digital and paper backups of data “in safe deposit boxes and vaults around the world. Coinmama Coinmama has more than one million customers in 188 countries and it functions as a all-in-one exchange and digital wallet that makes it easy to buy Bitcoin and a limited list of additional currencies in the U.S. Dollars or Euros. It has no mobile app, but the website is very high quality \ Robinhood Robinhood initially started as a fee-free stock brokerage and recently expanded into the world of digital currencies. From February 2018, you can buy and sell Bitcoin and other digital currencies completely fee-free on this platform. It supports Bitcoin and Ethereum trades and market data for another 15 currencies. Started its operation in mobile first and recently it added a Web version, so it is best for people comfortable managing money from their phone or tablet. Binance Binance supports a wide range of digital currencies including Bitcoin, Ethereum and its own Binance Coin (BNB). It offers a wide option to trade coins into multiple currencies and supports digital currencies, including EOS, Skycoin, TRON, ICON, Ethereum Classic, Litecoin, Ripple, Stellar Lumens, Bitcoin Cash, plus a bunch of cryptocurrencies. But noted, there are also some bugs reported with this Android mobile app and some users have reported delays withdrawing certain currencies CoinExchange CoinExchange is another low-cost exchange platform as it offers a huge number of coins on its platform, perhaps the biggest lists of coins supported by any platform on this list. On this platform the website looks simple, it comes to the point of security, it is robust and has long-term support for currencies on this platform. Coinbase Pro Coinbase Pro (formerly known as GDAX) looks familiar to those who use Bloomberg terminals or active stock, commodity and option trading platforms. Because GDAX is now part of Coinbase, funds are safe and insured, and the majority of coins are stored in physical form offline to prevent theft. Square Cash Square cash is another mobile app, here you can buy and sell Bitcoin with no fees. Buying and selling free puts this Cash app near the top of the places to buy Bitcoin list. Unlike some digital wallets, you don’t hold your Bitcoin outside of Square, it is held in your Square Cash account on your behalf to sell or withdraw. But if you do want to send your coins to another wallet, Square does offer that feature. Local Bitcoins LocalBitcoins was founded in june 2012 and has set its marketplace from Helsinki, Finland. The site uses an escrow system, and the transfer of bitcoin is made after funds are received in the sellers account. The site is suggested for casual traders seeking more privacy. Paxful Bitcoins Paxful is very popular in the cryptocurrency space. In this platform, you can start immediately with a digital wallet and also you are allowed to buy or sell hassle-free bitcoins. It has both the functions of a website and the mobile apps. Which Is The Correct Time To Buy Bitcoins? To Find out the right time to purchase bitcoins, make use of tools like Bitcoin Wisdom or Cryptowatch. It has a metrics chart which analyse with the other Bitcoin trading sites. These charts will help you understand Bitcoin’s price history across the many global Bitcoin exchanges. #bestplacetobuybitcoin #bitcoinaccount #bitcoinlogin #bitcoinwallet #Bitcoins #Buybitcoin #cryptocurrency #digitalcurrency #paperlesscurrency #paperlessmoney #ethereum #ethereumwallet
I got fired 3 week ago and got into depression, one of my best friends is a crypto trader. Instead of feeling shitty he want to teach me everything about crypto and he said that it might help me to understand the normal 9-6 job life is not the only way. here are the tips and resources he gave me:
i’m sharing it here because i’m sure that there are other people in my situation too and it will be great if i can help you exactly like how my friend helped me. What i’m sharing here is what i wrote on my notebook while he was pitching the basics of crypto trading, I summarized it into few lists so it will be easier for you to follow: General tips:
If your mom send you a message asking “how to buy bitcoin”? it means you need to sell yours (not to her of course :P)
Don’t put all your money on the exchange (he lost in the past some money on mt.gox).
If you’re too lazy to print a paper wallet or so cheap you can’t buy Trezor, so don’t cry if you make some stupid mistakes and lose your login details/ get hacked.
Don’t be afraid from charts, After you will get into trading you will find technical analysis like a children’s game, you just need to look for shapes and mark a line to understand where the risk is and than use your instincts, your brain(he claimed i don’t have any) and some useful new resources (i share them later on).
there is too much information, if you will try to focus everything it will kill you and you will spend most of your profits on Advil. arrange yourself a useful resources and a comfortable working environment.
Listen to Lofi while you trade/make decisions.
don’t join random telegram groups or pump and dump groups. no-one open a traders group and invite you just because you have a beautiful smile. 97% of them have hidden interest. Try to attend for a local bitcoin meet up in your hometown or near by and than meet REAL people and REAL traders. Ask them if they have a friends traders group and ask to join, If they don’t agree say the
Altcoins - Vs. Bitcoin and Vs. USD: it's important to analyse the price against Bitcoin and against USD as well. Most major altcoins have huge USD trading
What goes down – does not necessarily go up again: “I’ve seen Altcoins like Aurora which came down 99.99% of its record”.
Day trading is a job. Consider the time spending on it when calculating your gains and losses.
Don’t put all of your eggs in one basket: Diversify your crypto portfolio, and it's not shame to hedge to cash sometimes
don’t risk something you can’t afford to lose.
resources: “Give a man a good signal and he made profit for day, Teach him how to trade and will make a profit for a day “ (I made it now… And I wonder why I got fired) :P He shared with me many of his resources and said that I need to check them to understand which one are useful for me and which isn’t. News & Educational Websites:
CryptFlix - This site is a great way to learn about blockchain and the crypto market while watching videos. They have a cool UX that reminds Netflix and you will find it easy to spend few hours watching super cool and educating videos. cryptflix.com
CryptoPotato - Great educational website for beginners and advanced. What I like the most about this guys is that they are doing market update each week, live technical analysis sessions (also answering questions) and it seems like they are super legit. https://cryptopotato.com/
BadBitcoin - This website will help you to avoid fraud (My friend said the word fraud like 20 times in the last 1 hour, I think this market have many problems!). http://www.badbitcoin.org/
The Age of Cryptocurrency: Recommended book. How Bitcoin and the Blockchain Are Challenging the Global Economic Order. I’m not sharing here a link so it won’t consider self promotion so just google the book name, it’s on amazon (the price is around 16$ but don’t be cheap on your education)
CryptoPanic - This website will save you a lot of time by summarizing news from all over the internet and let you know the sentiment of each article/post/tweet
Andreas M. Antonopoulos - This guy deserve a high five from satoshi nakomoto. He wrote the book “ Mastering Bitcoin” and dedicating his life to make the world understand bitcoin & blockchain. https://antonopoulos.com/
Team (Who are they? do they have experience in the field of the ICO? They have linkedin, github, personal websites?)
Technology (Are they here to stay? Do you see a real usage in their tokens? They solve any problem?)
Social Media - do they have community of people that support them? Are they active on Facebook, Twitter, Medium, Telegram, Reddit?
Whitepapaer- Before you buy electronic product on Amazon do you read about it? do you do the research? Do the same when you invest in ICO. Read the Whitepaper to fully understand the idea and the potential
https://preview.redd.it/8pf697fjcq941.png?width=1280&format=png&auto=webp&s=c6694d4aaa9ad4d921f4bc461115ab117b0c885a The team at Rondo passionately believes that more education is required in the music industry about blockchain tech, decentralized platforms, and cryptocurrencies. So we constantly look for applications and platforms that can provide opportunities for wealth creation or at the very least new revenue streams to benefit artists as they navigate the waterways of the music industry. If you do not try how can you say something will not work, and if you do not take advantage of available opportunities how can one form an opinion about the use case. The number one challenge to user adoption of cryptocurrencies in the music industry or in general is the perceived barriers to entry and multiple difficulties associated with the initial first steps, where, what and how do I as an artist get started. What can I as an artist benefit from cryptocurrencies and how do we get our hands on some Bitcoin to save and or spend it. Traditional methods to support artists with vertical revenue streams rely on centralized platforms such as Banks, Credit Card providers and PayPal with clearance delays from 2 to 7 days as well as high transaction fees for the 3rd party platforms and this translates to less money in the pockets of artists. Along comes cryptocurrencies that do not rely on banks and ensures custody of the value remains in the hands of the holder as well as 24/7 access and self custodianship. The future of money as we know it already has more than 47 million people in the ecosystem and while this is just a drop in the ocean of 7 billion people, it is a growing ecosystem that is transforming the way we think about money in general. This post we visit “Viberate” to provide an update and some recent highlights from the world's number 1 service that joins artists, places, events and festivals in the first truly global music network, all using Blockchain tech to manage and verify their massive industry database. With numerous new features available on Viberate.com, thousands of artists have joined in to claim their profiles and check out new gig opportunities at nearby venues. Easy filtering by location, multiple genres, and capacity has proved to be among the most popular features. As we know some talent needs just a little boost to get noticed, we decided to go the extra mile: they check every single musician who claims their profile and regularly pick 5 aspiring artists who get featured in Viberate Instagram and Facebook Stories. If you’re wondering who made their most recent list, check the Music Friday Highlights. When it comes to their platform, good word travels fast and by the end of November, they were thrilled to see the result of those travels: as their community grew to 20,000 contributors worldwide. United by a passion for music and armed with loads of music facts, every single contributor is able to share their knowledge and help artists breakthrough on a global platform. If you know your way around the music scene and are curious about joining their community, don’t miss these 3 reasons to become a contributor yourself: 1. Support your local bands? Help your local community of musicians and make sure they’re represented on a global music platform. Getting exposure is the first step. A lot of artists don’t have the means to create their own website, but on Viberate, they get their own ID with links to all their social media channels and streaming sites, top-performing content, and events. They can also use the ID link as a one-pager for pitching new gigs and getting to a new level. 2. Be a part of your favorite artists’ success Make sure your favorite artists stand out with a full profile. The more people get to know them, the more likely it is they’ll be noticed by the right people and blow up. And imagine telling your children how you were among the first who recognized the potential of a future superstar. 3. Are you a smartass? Are you the one in your group of friends who’s always ready to jump in with a music fact? Do you know how to solve a mystery in the realm of: “Which genre is Peggy Gou or Robert Babicz, anyway?” Do people turn to you when they’re looking for fresh music and you’ve got a batch of promising up-and-comers ready to go? Can you assist with top music venues off the cuff? Viberate is the place for you. Whenever your friends and family get fed up with listening to your music wisdom, you can turn to Viberate. Let’s play They know how to spice it up. While adding and editing profiles on Viberate.com, you’ll collect points and badges all the way to the “master” level. The best contributors will be rewarded and recognized on a monthly chart of Top 10 contributors. Going Viral with Carl Cox & Charlotte de Witte The Good times just kept on rolling and ultimately brought about another reason for the festive season: Carl Cox and Charlotte de Witte, two of the hottest techno artists right now, saw the “Techno Invasion” article and shared it with their fans. Charlotte’s fan community even joked about naming her next album “Techno Invasion” — how cool is that?! We hope you enjoyed this little update and please do visit their website over the holidays and see all the fantastic work they are doing in the music industry, to support emerging talent across multiple genres, worldwide. For the Love of Music
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