Here's How Much It Costs to Mine 1 Bitcoin in the U.S ...

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Bitcoin price NOW is likely the lowest it will ever be in our lifetime. Cost to BUY 1 BTC is now LESS THAN cost to mine 1 BTC. Approx $7,000 USD. In 2 short months, the cost to mine 1 Bitcoin will DOUBLE. ❤️ BUY BTC TODAY ❤️ New York Coin (NYC) is a faster, free version of Bitcoin and Litecoin.

Bitcoin price NOW is likely the lowest it will ever be in our lifetime. Cost to BUY 1 BTC is now LESS THAN cost to mine 1 BTC. Approx $7,000 USD. In 2 short months, the cost to mine 1 Bitcoin will DOUBLE. ❤️ BUY BTC TODAY ❤️ New York Coin (NYC) is a faster, free version of Bitcoin and Litecoin. submitted by hivewalletvictim to NewYorkCoin [link] [comments]

Crypto mining as a profitable business

Crypto mining as a profitable business
The cost of bitcoin is increasing, and this growth is occurring at a very impressive pace. It is enough to simply compare the dynamics of this cryptocurrency with what we saw in the spring - and everything will become clear. For crypto investors, this means only one thing - it is time to buy bitcoin when it’s on the bottom so that in the future you can sell it several times more expensive.
But what about those people who do not want to acquire bitcoins, but get them through mining? Their situation is even more unenviable, since due to high electricity tariffs, mining in their countries may be unprofitable. Perhaps they will have to seriously think about changing their place of residence.
Just imagine: you are moving to a certain country, and mining from a disadvantage immediately becomes a very profitable business.
The Far East has always attracted people with its exoticism, and Myanmar is no exception. The standard of living that you can afford in Myanmar is much higher than in Venezuela. That's just the cost of mining one bitcoin is also almost 2 times higher - $ 3087. Of course, now that the value of bitcoin has skyrocketed above $ 10,000, it is possible to mine Bitcoin with a very good profit. But only in 2018, when the “bears” reigned in the market, this did not seem such a great prospect. The country itself is quite attractive, it has a favorable climate and interesting architecture.
SKYBIT applies blockchain technology to provide a modern financial bridge between Myanmar and the rest of the world.
The SKYBIT Digital Asset Conversion Platform allows users to convert between different cryptoassets and with Myanmar Kyat (MMK) currency. The platform supports unrestricted and direction-agnostic coupling of pairs between different listed cryptoassets and Myanmar Kyat. E.g. with a list of 30 instruments, 435 pairs would be available for trading (using combination formula n!/r!(n - r)! where n is the number of listed instruments and r is 2). Direction-agnostic means e.g. ETH/BTC and BTC/ETH is the same market of orders; rates shown would simply be the inverse of the other, so traders can choose which direction they prefer. Such a possibility of free direction-agnostic pairings is an advantage over other exchanges that have a limited list of fixed pairings.
The platform would also be used to liquidate the cryptoassets received from the SKYBIT Payment Processor.
https://preview.redd.it/aa9c61yb4rg41.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=572f03e3fa0bcba58a2e2eaaed520ade134afca9
submitted by VS_community to SKYBITASIA [link] [comments]

Is This Why Bitcoin Suddenly Rebounded Yesterday?

Coin Shares researchers found the average cost of mining a Bitcoin is approximate $6,300. So, the price jumped to $7,300 yesterday. And it’s profitable for the miners Forbes report said. What do you think?
submitted by mirrasel to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

Bitcoin is about to halve, maybe you could mine DISC?

There are less than 200 days to Bitcoin's halving cycle, and the bull market is coming soon? Sorry, I don't know if the bull market will come, but I know that there will be a large number of small hashrate miners who can't participate in BTC mining. Under the effect of halving, the reward for a single block will be reduced to 6.5 Bitcoins. If you want to maintain the current revenue, this means that the miner's hashrate must increase. You said that the mining machine is tens of thousands, and there is no money to add hashrate? Sorry, then you can only quit, no money, you may be unable to mine Bitcoin.
"The risk of leverage is high, the contract does not dare to join, and life can only be maintained by mining." - Che Guevara Miner
Although it is a joke, it is indeed a true portrayal of most miners, especially small miners. The biggest shortcoming of a small miner is that there is no money in the pocket, so they will choose to mine. After all, the risk of mining is lower and the revenue is relatively stable compared to the coin trading.
In this way, mining is really a good way, don't be too happy. Looking at the previous article, Bitcoin will soon be halved! This means that the fullnet hashrate will increase dramatically, the mining machine will have higher hashrate, and the individual is likely to no longer be able to participate in mining.
Then where should this group of small miners go? There are still tens of thousands of dollars, can you mine? I can tell you very responsible,yes, you can! And you can mine all the time, what will we mine? DISC!
What is DISC?
DISC is a crypto currency that uses CPOC (Conditioned Proof Of Capacity). You could use hardisk to mine the DISC. Is it incredible, and the hardisk can also mine? Don't be surprised, when the graphics card was used to mine Bitcoin, a large group of people was also surprised.
What is POC?
POC is the hardisk mining, POC uses the mechanical hardisk to store the answers needed for mining. The whole mining process is just using the computer's CPU to scan the hardisk space. Whoever has the larger hardisk capacity, who has a greater probability to crack the Block puzzles and get the block rewards.
POC strictly speaking, it can not be regarded as a new consensus algorithm, it is also a kind of POW, the biggest difference between the two is that one uses computing equipment (CPU, GPU, ASIC chip) mining, one use Storage equipment (mechanical hardisk) mining.
What are the advantages of DISC+POC?
It is no exaggeration to tell you that the current cost of mining a Bitcoin is about 40,000 kWh. Bitcoin miners are not paying for electricity, or they are on the way to paying electricity. Well, when it comes to this, you should be able to guess what the advantages of DISC are. Yes, it is power saving. The reasons are as follows:
The process of mining Bitcoin is to calculate the answer required for mining. This is similar to the students who do not work hard. When they are doing the work, they need to keep checking the books all the time, which is time-consuming and laborious. Mining Bitcoin is not only extremely inefficient, but also wastes a lot of power because of the long-term use of computationally intensive equipment.
The DISC hardisk mining is like a hard-working student. When you are doing a problem, you only need to fill in the answers in your head, which is easy and enjoyable. DISC hardisk mining, high efficiency and low power consumption, mainly before the start of mining, it uses the CPU, GPU to calculate a large number of answers, and then store the answer of the mining in the hardisk, the mining process is only every Scan the hardisk space in a few minutes.
This is the first advantage of DISC, saving power.
Some people may refute it: I have paid money on Bitcoin mining fees, and the electricity bill has been handed over to the country. Bitcoin has driven economic development. Yes, it is undeniable that Bitcoin has indeed brought some opportunities for economic development in some economically underdeveloped inland areas. But don't forget other reasons to mine Bitcoin in the inland area.
Anyone who knows Bitcoin mining knows that mining machines that mine Bitcoins are often overloaded, in which case machines often generate huge amounts of noise and heat. If the human body is in an environment of 80 to 90 decibels for a long time, permanent hearing damage will occur. It is said that if you are in a high-noise environment for a long time, you will be deaf. You said that a machine will not affect anything, then a Mine with hundreds of thousands of mining machines?
Bitcoin mining will accelerate global warming. In addition to the heat emitted by the machine itself, a large number of thermal power stations will release a large amount of carbon emissions. Bitcoin currently generates 22 million tons of carbon emissions per year. The global Internet's carbon dioxide emissions are only 33 million tons, and Bitcoin mining produces carbon emissions equivalent to one year's emissions in Hamburg, Germany or Las Vegas.
The mechanical hardisk used in DISC mining has its own characteristics of low power consumption, low heat and low noise. Even if you mine at home, it will not affect anyone or anything.
This is the second advantage of DISC hardisk mining. Energy saving and environmental protection.
In addition to power consumption and environmental protection, Bitcoin mining has problems such as high risk and centralization.
The risk is high. As mentioned earlier, Bitcoin mining requires 24 hours of uninterrupted calculations and the machine is in an overloaded state for a long time. In this case, the mining machine is prone to irreparable conditions. In many cases, the mining machine is damaged. In addition, the impact of the currency price on the mining machine is also very large. The ASIC integrated chip used by the Bitcoin mining machine is a device that only has one function (mining). If the price of the currency drops sharply, because the power consumed by the mining machine itself is extremely high, and the electricity expenditure of mining is the majority of the revenue, it is easy to make ends meet. At this time, the miners can only stop mining.
The hardisk and the graphics card, in addition to being used for mining, and the role of storing data, even if you can not participate in mining, you could format the hardisk, used to save movies, photos is also a good choice. And the price of the hardisk is extremely low, you can not use it, you can also sell it to people in need at low prices.
This is the third advantage of DISC hardisk mining. The residual value of the equipment is high and the risk of mining is low.
After 10 years of development, Bitcoin has gradually changed from a white paper concept of one person to one vote to a game in which only a few elites can participate. At present, the six mines headed by Bitland have mastered a hashrate of over 51%. In this case, it is very simple for six mines to do evil. They can modify the algorithm, roll back the transaction, and more. You can think that these six mines have controlled the Bitcoin network.
In addition to being a mining pool, Bitland has a status as a mining machine manufacturer. Bitcoin mining equipment can only be manufactured by a few mining machine manufacturers. They are both your friendly and your enemy. So it is not difficult to explain why Bitcoin is becoming more and more centralized. The mining machines they manufacture, the mine pool they control.
Everything is controlled by others, what else do you play?
The hardisk itself is the cornerstone of the construction of the Internet world. Therefore, it has many brands and large shipments. There is no one or two hardisk businesses monopolizing the hardisk. You raise the price and I go elsewhere to buy it. Therefore, from the source to eliminate the harvest of the hardisk business.
DISC hardisk mining through the hardisk capacity as a consensus basis, so that everyone can participate in mining at a very low cost, this way more decentralized, nodes are more dispersed, so its decentralization is higher than Bitcoin.
This is the fourth advantage of DISC hardisk mining, with a higher degree of decentralization.
Summary
The first decade of the blockchain belongs to Bitcoin, but POW also brings a lot of "troubles" to Bitcoin. The monopoly caused by centralization, the huge consumption of electricity, and environmental pollution have all become the pain points of the mining industry. The emergence of DISC has once again seen hope.
In a gossip, many people feel that the DISC, including the entire hardisk mining, has no hope. Indeed, the performance of the currency price is not satisfactory, but I hope that everyone will hold it and wait for the bull market to come. You only need to look at the advantages of DISC, it does not consume electricity.
The last sentence is given to a firm DISC believer. "hold coins in the bear market, makes money in the bull market, and when the bull market comes, you fly." - DISC Miner
submitted by Diskcoin to DiskcoinOrg [link] [comments]

End of day summary - 12/04

The Dow fell 799.36, or 3.1%, to 25,027.07, the Nasdaq lost 283.09, or 3.8%, to 7,158.43 , and the S&P 500 declined 90.31, or 3.24%, to 2,700.06.
The S&P 500 tumbled 3.2% on Tuesday, catalyzed by waning optimism in trade negotiations between the U.S. and China and concern over future economic growth, which was signaled by the drop in U.S. Treasury yields. A technical breach of the S&P 500's 200-day moving average (2762.32) also contributed to some selling.
Meanwhile, the Dow Jones Industrial Average lost 3.0%, the Nasdaq Composite lost 3.8%, and the Russell 2000 lost 4.4%.
Monday's trade-relief rally was under pressure from the onset as market participants reoriented their mindset to concerns that the U.S. and China won't be able to settle differences over major trading issues in the next 90 days. President Trump seemed to stoke those concerns with a tweet that acknowledged the possibility of getting a deal done with China, but which also carried the reminder that he is a "Tariff Man," implying that he would revert to further tariff action if a deal doesn't get done.
In a series of tweets regarding trade, President Trump said negotiations with China have already started and unless extended, "they will end 90 days from the date of our wonderful and very warm dinner with President Xi in Argentina." Trump added that "President Xi and I want this deal to happen, and it probably will [...] If a fair deal is able to be made with China, one that does all of the many things we know must be finally done, I will happily sign." In Europe, an advocate general of the European Court of Justice said that the U.K. should be able to unilaterally cancel its exit from the European Union. Additionally, Theresa May's government lost a vote and was found to be in contempt of Parliament after it refused to publish the full legal advice underpinning its Brexit plan.
Beyond that factor, today's sell-off was really sparked by economic growth concerns, which manifested themselves in a decisive curve-flattening trade in the Treasury market that also featured an inversion of the 2-yr note yield (2.80%) and 3-yr note yield (2.80%) over the 5-yr note yield (2.79%). The 10-2 spread narrowed to 12 basis points, which is the narrowest spread since 2007.
The benchmark 10-yr yield dropped seven basis points to 2.92% while the 30-yr yield dropped 10 basis points to 3.17%. Those moves were exacerbated by a "pain trade," as short sellers expecting higher rates were compelled to cover their bearish bets.
It was telling, too, that the drop in interest rates wasn't a catalyst for increased buying interest in the stock market. The reason being is that the drop in rates was grounded in concerns over future economic growth, which in turn drove concerns about future earnings growth.
Concerns over future economic growth were reflected in the poor performances from the cyclical sectors, as well as the domestically-oriented Russell 2000 (-4.4%). The financials (-4.4%), industrials (-4.3%), consumer discretionary (-3.9%), and information technology sectors (-3.8%) underperformed the broader market.
The rate-sensitive financial sector was undermined by the flattening yield curve, which raised concerns about a compression in net interest margins.
In corporate news, AAPL was under pressure after HSBC analyst Erwan Rambourg downgraded the stock to Hold as he believes growth in the company's core iPhone business is set to "slow dramatically." Meanwhile, CRUS cut its third quarter revenue view due to smartphone weakness, becoming the latest in a line of the company's chip customers to do so. APPL shares fell 4.4% while Cirrus declined about 2%.
MA shares were in focus after the company's board increased its quarterly cash dividend 32% to 33c per share and authorized the repurchase of up to $6.5B of its Class A common stock. The new share repurchase program will become effective at the completion of the company's previously announced $4B share repurchase program, MasterCard said.
Other laggards included the cyclical transport and chip stocks, which respectively weighed on the industrial and tech sectors. Notable underperformers included industrials UPS -7.4% and AAL -7.5%; and AMD -10.9% and NVDA -7.6%. The Dow Jones Transportation Average lost 4.0%. The Philadelphia Semiconductor Index lost 5.0%.
Among the noteworthy gainers was AZO which rose 6.8% after it beat earnings expectations. Also higher was RH, which gained 11% after the luxury home hardware retailer reported better than expected quarterly results. Among the notable losers was VEEV, which fell 6% after short-seller Citron Research said that market correction should hit the stock "harder than any other SaaS" peer and put a $65 price target on the shares.
Stocks in Asia mostly slipped on Tuesday amid uncertainty about the future of U.S.-China trade relations. Japan's Nikkei 225 fell by 2.39 percent to close at 22,036.05 while the Topix index shed 2.36 percent to 1,649.20 by the end of the trading day.

Currency

The dollar fell broadly on Tuesday as U.S. Treasury yields slipped, feeding fears that the Federal Reserve could pause in its rate-hike cycle, while an inversion in part of the yield curve was taken as a red flag for a potential recession.

Treasury

The Treasury market had a remarkable day that featured a decisive curve-flattening trade and an inversion of the 2-yr yield (2.80%) and 3-yr yield (2.81%) versus the 5-yr yield (2.79%). That inversion and the flattening action triggered an economic slowdown narrative that undermined investor confidence in the stock market and fostered some safe-haven positioning in the Treasury market. The S&P 500 was down 3.0% as of this post. The yield on the 30-yr bond scraped 3.13% at its lows of the day while the 10-yr note yield hit 2.88%. Short-covering activity fueled the gains as the continued drop in rates triggered a "pain trade" for short sellers who had been expecting rates to move higher. The 10-2 spread narrowed to 12 basis points, which is the narrowest since 2007.

Commodity

Oil prices pared gains in a volatile trade on Tuesday as fears flared that demand would stall due to a trade war between the U.S. and China, and as Russia remained a stumbling block to a deal to cut global crude supply. Palladium soared to a record high on Tuesday, fueled by speculative interest and tight supplies of the autocatalyst metal, briefly surpassing gold, which scaled to more than a five-week peak as the dollar slid.

Crypto

Bitcoin Holds Steady Around $4,000. Many analysts have speculated that the increasing unprofitability of mining Bitcoin could be adversely affecting the markets, as some models suggest that the cost of mining one Bitcoin is currently $4,500, which is more expensive than the Bitcoin itself is worth.

YTD

  • Nasdaq +3.7% YTD
  • Dow +1.3% YTD
  • S&P 500 +1.0% YTD
  • Russell 2000 -3.6% YTD

AH news

  • QCOM introduces Snapdragon 855 mobile platform
  • China is "puzzled and irritated" by Trump administration's words of triumph after trade truce.
  • API Crude +5.36mm (-900k)

What's tomorrow?

As a reminder the stock market will be closed on Wednesday in honor of the late George H.W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States.
On Thursday, investors will receive the ADP Employment Change Report for November, Q3 Nonfarm Productivity and Unit Labor Costs, Trade Balance for October, weekly Initial and Continuing Claims, Factory Orders for October, and ISM Services for November.
Summary scraped from the interweb. Took 0.47 seconds.
submitted by hibernating_brain to thewallstreet [link] [comments]

[EVENT] Azteka Mining Services

Azteka Mining Services will be the newest subsidiary of the newly formed Azteka Technologies. Azteka Mining Services will be a cloud mining service, working to generate cryptocurrencies for the Azteka Technologies parent company. The development of AMS will see the Mexican government receive 55% of all generated profits in exchange for the government using part of its $12 billion dollar investment into building the housing facilities for 4 large data centers and covering 30% of thd electricity costs.
The venture is believed to have high potential, as the cost of mining one Bitcoin varies from US$1.500 to US$3.000 dollars, whereas the value of one Bitcoin at the tends to, even at its worst points hover well above the $3,000 mark. Combined with the fact that other coins will be mined, this operation is believed to be a very fruitful one.
The cryptocurrencies to be mined are: Bitcoin (BTC), Bitcoin Cash (BCH), Litecoin (LTC), Ethereum (ETH), Monero (XMR) and Zcash (Zec).
Azteka Mining will be initially operating out of four large computing centers, each with 6,000 brand new ASIC units. The computing centers will have an estimated hashrate of 87 Petahash per second, making them some of the most powerful sources of cryptocurrency mining ever created. the most recent being 6.000 new ASIC units in China and Paraguay. Each center will employ over 100 workers with extensive experience with cryptocurrencies and information systems who will manage all aspects of the mining operations. Each data center will have an estimated construction cost of $120 Million, resulting in over $480 Millopn being invested to start up the project.
Azteka expects to mine over 500 BTC, 2,000 BCH, 2,000 LTC, 2,000 ETH, 900 XMR and 900 ZEC per year with this high of a rate. The government of Mexico will be putting 55% of all coins generated into a reserve fund that will be used to invest into expanding Mexican infrastructure.
submitted by OneSpookySneakySquid to GlobalPowers [link] [comments]

The environmental impacts of Bitcoin mining.

China is currently the world’s largest polluter. Certain provinces are so polluted with smog that you have to wear a mask to breathe properly.
Sad Fact: It’s so bad that a company is selling over 10,000 canned fresh air monthly at $24 each.
China is aggressively trying to change this public perception, but with so much bitcoin mining in China, it certainly doesn’t help its case, because 60% of China’s electricity comes from coal-burning plants. Mining rigs are used to mine bitcoins and they require powerful hardware and consumes electricity like no tomorrow.
There’s the famous saying, “With great power, comes great electricity bills.”
In fact, in a single day, the electricity used for bitcoin mining in China is enough to power the average American household for over 5 million years.
Unfortunately, this problem is only going to get worse. Bitcoin was designed with a cap of 21 million coins, and the more coins mined, the harder and more electricity it consumes to mine.
Because electricity makes up about 70% of the cost of mining, miners want the cheapest electricity. And that place is Sichuan, where it has over 1400 rivers and 3200 hydro plants that produce cheap hydropower at just $0.01 per kWh compared to about $0.12 in US or $0.16 in Singapore.
In fact, bitcoin mining is about 80% powered by renewable energy, which is about 4 times more than the global average of about 20%, making bitcoin mining much cleaner than most industries.
However, hydropower is seasonal, the wet season generates 3 times more electricity than the dry season.
Since mining rigs do not turn off, during the dry season when hydropower is not sufficient, coal-based electricity is used instead.
The carbon emission factor of electricity in Sichuan, therefore, ranges from 265 to 579 gCO2/kWh depending on the season.
Much higher compared to Sweden with a carbon emission factor of 13 gCO2/kWh, but it’s because Sweden’s electricity is fuelled mostly by nuclear and hydroelectric power.
The electricity cost of mining 1 bitcoin in China is about $3172, one of the lowest in the world.
But as the price of bitcoin crashed, known as the crypto winter, it was crucial to use the latest and most efficient mining rigs in order to be profitable. However, regularly upgrading causes a lot of e-waste which is an environmental concern.
A report finds that “the annualized e-waste generation of mining rigs would amount to 10,948 metric tons.” That is about 20% of the e-waste generated by a country like Singapore.
Places like Iceland and Canada have massive amounts of clean renewable energy in the form of hydropower or geothermal. In fact, a bitcoin mined in China emits 4 times the CO2 than a Canadian-mined bitcoin.
Hopefully, in the near future, there could be a practical solution that is secure, fast, and energy efficient to use, and we can all start enjoying greater benefits.
More information: https://medium.com/coinshares/beware-of-lazy-research-c828c900b7d5 https://digiconomist.net/bitcoin-energy-consumption
Here's also a video I made about the environmental impacts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tMREvfmM7PM
submitted by Thoughtmosphere to environment [link] [comments]

Bitcoin explained in plain English (so that you can explain this voodoo magic money to your mom)

Bitcoin explained in plain English
Like Paypal and Visa, Bitcoin is a system that can send money digitally. The innovation that sets Bitcoin apart is that it isn’t controlled or operated by a single company. Instead of having a company like Visa run the system, anybody can join the Bitcoin network and participate in the record keeping that keeps Bitcoin running. Nobody owns the Bitcoin software or the Bitcoin network. If an oppressive government wants to shut down Bitcoin, it can’t simply go after a single company. An oppressive government would (in theory) have to go after everybody running Bitcoin server software on their computer to shut it down.
In practice, the decentralization doesn’t actually work. Most people buy Bitcoins through exchanges run by private companies, which are subject to government-imposed laws and regulations. While Bitcoin’s innovation is interesting, it doesn’t actually do anything useful in the real world. However, very few people actually understand Bitcoin. So, journalists and cryptocurrency fanatics can make up fancy stories about how Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies will change the world.
What Bitcoin is
Bitcoin was originally designed to be a “Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System“. Think of other peer-to-peer systems like Napster or BitTorrent, except that users can exchange Bitcoins instead of files. Instead of having a single set of records controlled by one company, the set of records is copied to all the volunteer record keepers in the Bitcoin network. There can be hundreds or thousands of copies of the Bitcoin ledger distributed around the world. Changes to the ledger (from people sending Bitcoin to one another) are distributed throughout the network and each participant duplicates the record-keeping process on their copy of the ledger. This is the “distributed ledger” that everybody keeps talking about.
All of this means that the Bitcoin network can run by itself. Anybody can join the network and help keep it running.
Bitcoin in the real world
Unfortunately the key benefit to Bitcoin (the “decentralization” everybody keeps talking about) doesn’t actually pan out in the real world. Most people get Bitcoins by buying them via a centralized exchange, which are all private companies that can be shut down or bullied by the government. As all developed countries have laws against money laundering, banks will enforce these laws and will refuse to do business with exchanges that may be enabling questionable activities like online gambling with Bitcoins. Cryptocurrencies are effectively regulated by governments around the world. The only practical alternative to exchanges is to trade Bitcoins in person. However, this defeats the main benefit of digital money as face-to-face transactions are inconvenient. It’s unlikely that a system that involves trading paper money for Bitcoins will revolutionize the world.
Currently, the trend is that banks and credit card companies have been cutting off access to Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Banks have to comply with anti-money laundering regulations so that they don’t intentionally or unintentionally help criminals profit from illegal activities. A key part of fighting money laundering is knowing who your customers actually are. Criminals are less likely to use a bank as part of their illegal activities (e.g. to trade stolen Bitcoins for cash) if the bank knows their true identity. However, Bitcoin was designed to be anonymous as stated by its inventor’s white paper. (Bitcoin doesn’t fully succeed in allowing for anonymous payments. However, the anonymity that it does offer is enough to be problematic.) Bitcoin’s design makes it difficult for banks to obey the law if they are to allow access to Bitcoin exchanges. This is one of the many reasons why Bitcoin is unlikely to become a mainstream payment method for goods and services.
You can safely ignore the hype
If somebody tries to explain Bitcoin to you and you don’t understand it, the problem isn’t you. The person explaining Bitcoin likely has some misguided understanding of Bitcoin because there are certain things that they want to believe. Some people want to look smart by being early believers in new technology that they don’t understand. Some journalists want to write clickbait stories. Some people want to believe in get-rich-quick schemes. Some people are getting rich quick through cryptocurrency-related scams. Whatever the case is, I wouldn’t worry about it. You aren’t missing out on a revolutionary new technology. Bitcoin’s only innovation is interesting but useless in the real world.
Appendix A: What Bitcoin mining is (and why everybody is saying it’s bad for the environment)
The problem with a set of records delivered over the Internet is that you don’t know if some stranger on the Internet has nefariously tampered with the version that they sent you. It is possible for somebody to cheat the system by spending Bitcoins and then distributing a copy of the ledger that leaves out their spending, allowing them to spend their Bitcoins again. Other users somehow have to figure out which version of history is correct. To prevent shenanigans, each node on the Bitcoin network will determine trust based on “proof of work“. Trust will go to the side that has spent/wasted the most computing power to back up their version of events. The theory is that the honest users will always control more computing power than dishonest users.
To perform proof of work, Bitcoin “miners” do a set of very difficult mathematical calculations to try to find results with a certain number of zeroes in it. It’s basically computers competing over their ability to produce special numbers with a really long series of zeroes. Record keepers in the Bitcoin network (“nodes”) will trust the side that has wasted the most computing power. Because the math needed to find the special numbers is much harder than the math needed to verify the numbers (sort of like how Sudoku puzzles are harder to solve than to check), participants can easily verify which side wasted the most computing power. This is the key idea behind “blockchain“, the technology that tries to solve the problem of not being able to trust what strangers send you over the Internet. Honest record keepers will continue to add valid pages (blocks) to the Bitcoin journal. If the honest side controls more computing power, they will produce a longer chain of valid pages (blocks) than dishonest record keepers. Eventually, the honest record keepers’ version of events will be considered the authoritative one.
This system works as long as honest users throw more computing power at the problem than dishonest users. A dishonest user cannot pass off a bogus version of events (such as one that omits their spending) unless that user has more computing power than all of the honest users combined. To make attacks from dishonest users very difficult, the Bitcoin system provides incentives to its users to maintain a large standing army of computers that are ready to waste more computing power than people trying to cheat the system. Bitcoins are given out to users who devote computing power towards the Bitcoin cause. This is called Bitcoin “mining”, as the miners exert effort and are rewarded with digital “gold”. The creation of new Bitcoins is part of Bitcoin’s design.
If Bitcoin’s price averages $10,000, Bitcoin miners will receive $6.57 billion dollars worth of newly-printed Bitcoins in 2018 (1800 Bitcoins will be created every day in 2018). Bitcoin miners will also receive transaction fees from people who pay extra to have their transactions added to the ledger first (their transactions will be confirmed first). This might sound crazy but Bitcoin mining is on track to being a multi-billion dollar industry. Various companies will fight over their share of newly-printed Bitcoins. Competition will cause them to use a lot of electricity since electricity is the main ingredient needed to mine Bitcoins. Digiconomist has a webpage that estimates Bitcoin’s power consumption, which is currently about 1.3% of the United State’s energy consumption- that’s the same as millions of Americans. Bitcoin mining will consume as much energy as entire countries like Bangladesh.
While Bitcoin mining is one way to get Bitcoins, it is very expensive for most people compared to buying Bitcoins on an exchange. This is because Bitcoin mining benefits from scale. Big companies such as Bitmain will spend millions of dollars on designing computers that do one thing and one thing only: mine Bitcoins. Think of a calculator: it is a computer that does only one thing. Because it is designed for only one task, it does it very well. A calculator is incredibly energy efficient and cheap compared to your smartphone or laptop computer. Similarly, a computer that is designed specifically for mining Bitcoins does it more cost-effectively than everyday computers. Without millions of dollars spent designing special computers, access to very cheap electricity, and large data centers, normal citizens can’t compete against Bitcoin mining juggernauts. These companies drive up the cost of mining Bitcoins (Bitcoin is designed so that fewer Bitcoins are produced if more computing power is spent on mining), pushing out the small fish. You will likely lose money if you try to mine Bitcoin on your home computer.
Appendix B: Buzzwords and technobabble explained
ICO: Initial coin offering, or “it’s a con offering”. Generally speaking, these are investment scams where investors exchange real money for fake money (or a stake in a fake business or Ponzi scheme).
Immutable: can’t be changed. In theory, Bitcoin is designed so that the ledger can’t be changed. In the past, the ledger has been changed by the Bitcoin community banding together to fix bugs. One such bug allowed a hacker to give him or herself 184 billion Bitcoins.
Trustless: This refers to a trust problem that only decentralized systems have; centralized systems don’t have this problem. For Bitcoin specifically, the problem is this: some stranger on the Internet sent me a journal of all Bitcoin transactions and I don’t know if I should trust it. Bitcoin’s key innovative technology, the blockchain, attempts to solve that problem so that decentralization can work.
Blockchain: a journal of all (Bitcoin) transactions since the very beginning. Transactions are grouped together into chunks called blocks, which form the ‘pages’ of the journal. Miners solve difficult math puzzles so that they can attach special numbers to each block, proving that they spent a lot of computing power. A series (or chain) of blocks with the most computing power spent on ‘proving’ that chain will become the authoritative blockchain. This system works as long as the honest users waste more computer power and electricity than dishonest users.
Decentralization: a system that works without a trusted central authority.
Double spending: Cheating the system to spend the same Bitcoin two or more times, ultimately resulting in spending Bitcoins that you don’t have.
Secure: An adjective that describes systems other than Bitcoin. For starters, Bitcoin was hacked to create 184 billion Bitcoins. When the Mt. Gox exchange was hacked, at least 5% of all Bitcoins at the time (at least 650,000) were stolen. Many people also lose Bitcoins due to their computer being hacked, being tricked into giving away their passwords or identity, or from malicious browser add-ons. Bitcoin also has outstanding security issues that haven’t been fixed. If a single party controls 51% of the world’s Bitcoin mining power, that mining power can be used to disrupt the Bitcoin network. Currently, more than 51% of the world’s mining power is controlled by Chinese companies.
submitted by glennchan to Buttcoin [link] [comments]

What’s the cost of mining a Bitcoin

I have read numerous articles/posts online about the cost of mining a bitcoin. I have also heard at numerous conferences/events that the figure is at circa $4000. (No substantiation offered for this figure, but the figure I have heard muted usually sits around this value). I have often heard it as the reasoning bitcoin won’t drop below $4000 a coin.
Whilst I accept there will never be an exact figure for the price due to constantly varying factors ( cost of energy, hardware, laboumanagement, privacy etc etc). I do think we should be able to have an indicative cost/benchmark to create a bitcoin based on existing data. Maybe $4k is the correct figure, I am just interested in how that is calculated. I am not trying to say there is a correlation between the cost of mining the asset V the market value, but it can help give some indication of the “value/cost” for creating the asset, at the point of creation. This obviously won’t factor in any future value or use cases, it is merely a means of measuring the cost of creating the digital asset for use at that point in time, based on the real world consumption costs associated with creating it.
Example just taken off Twitter: The correct way to estimate Bitcoin energy usage by ######, not the invalid methodology used by Digiconomist cited in MSM FUD articles.
“Annual consumptiom: 35TW/year Capacity: 4000MW % world energy: 0.03% Cost: 1.7B$/year
Efficiency gains help offset increased consumption. This gives a total cost of $1,700,000,000.00 for worldwide consumption. “
Based on the above “calculation” that would mean each bitcoin has a creation cost of
1800 (bitcoins mined a day) X 365 ( days per year) = 657,000 Bitcoins a year (2018) $1,700,000,000/ 657,000 = $2,587.52 per bitcoin.
Obviously there are a lot of assumptions in the above assessment. -The figure doesn’t include a cost for hardware/maintenance. -The figure doesn’t include any housing or management costs. -The energy $ value makes an assumption of $TW which does change considerably depending on location.
Any links or info that would help add some meat to this would be appreciated.
Mucho Mucho
submitted by Rudoprophet to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Would you buy 100$ of trees or 100$ of cryptos?

What would be the returns over time? It would be an interesting thought experiment
Edit* How many trees would it require to negate the energy costs of mining 1 bitcoin
submitted by Alt_Center_0 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Depreciating Cost of Mining Machines, Bitcoin Price Hit GMO Group https://goo.gl/aM7P96 - Crypto Dynamic Info - Whales's

Posted at: February 16, 2019 at 01:02AM
By:
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submitted by cryptotradingbot to cryptobots [link] [comments]

Currently, the mining industry is getting paid as though it's creating completely full 80 MB blocks.

The next halving of the block reward is coming up.
According to this analysis, the current average fee per transaction is 4 U.S. cents (0.04 USD); also, according to that analysis, after the halving:
the required [transaction] fees per full 10MB and 20MB blocks to keep miner compensation at roughly 25.1 bitcoin are 18 cents and 9 cents, respectively.
That is to say, in order for the average user to pay the same 4 cents that he pays today, and have the mining industry compensated just the same as it is compensated today, then:
Now, at that point, transaction fees would comprise roughly 50% of the total compensation that a miner receives for a block: There would be 12.5 BTC from the block reward, and roughly 12.5 BTC from explicit transaction fees; in other words, it takes 40 MB worth of transactions of an average nature to explicitly pay the mining industry roughly 12.5 BTC per block.
Consequently, when there is no block reward left (explicit transaction fees compose 100% of the compensation), then:
That is to say, currently, the mining industry is getting paid as though it's creating completely full 80 MB blocks; yet, keep in mind that a block size is currently limited to be at most 1 MB.
As the block reward decreases, the mining industry as it currently exists can only be sustained if at least one of the following statements is true:
  1. The price of BTC increases significantly.
    This is only useful if there is a block reward; even if price increases can be sufficiently sustained, it will have diminishing returns for compensating the mining industry when there are diminishing block rewards.
  2. The average transaction fee increases significantly.
    The average user won't want to pay a transaction fee much higher than 4 cents; this is a non-solution, and can be disregarded.
  3. The number of transactions of an average nature increases significantly.
    Under diminishing block rewards, to keep explicit fees low, there must be more transactions across which to spread the cost of mining.
    Either Bitcoin needs to handle more transactions directly within much bigger blocks, or there needs to be some kind of overlay network that consolidates cheap transactions into a few "expensive" settlement transactions within relatively small Bitcoin blocks (then, most people would use this overlay transaction-conslidation network instead of Bitcoin).
    After all, it's more important to secure a collection of 100 thousand purchases of coffee than it is to secure any one particular purchase of coffee.
  4. The block reward is not decreased so much, or never goes away; that is, the 21 million BTC cap is broken.
    Obviously, this is a non-solution… or is it?
    For Bitcoin to work, blocks must be produced at a regular rate. Why should a miner go to the trouble of producing a block? Because he gets paid fees to do so—a block must always contain at least one fee payment.
    Now, you may have seen people complain about a miner producing a block without even one transaction in it; yet, this complaint is wrongheaded! The block does contain a transaction in it, one with a very large fee indeed: The block reward transaction.
    Who is paying that very large fee? Everybody who owns Bitcoin; it's inflation, and that inflation is the incentive to produce blocks regularly.
    The block reward is basically a transfer of purchasing power to the miners from everyone who holds BTC; it is a way for everyone who has any kind of relation to Bitcoin to pay for the maintenance of Bitcoin; if there is a block reward, then even "hodlers" are paying the network to safeguard their loot.
    Of course, inflation is a blunt instrument; why should a transaction buried safely under very many blocks continue to pay as much for protection as a freshly buried transaction? This and many other qualms make such an inflationary mechanism unpalatable to many people, but its one saving grace is that it's an easy way of accounting; everybody is forced to pay a simple tithe. It is computationally trivial, and that is why it could win—there are no sacred cows.
    Also, while constant inflation might obscure the actual necessary costs of mining, won't the mining industry naturally grow until the costs match the inflation exactly? In other words, no matter how you set a subsidy, the miners will grow or shrink to fit it. After all, consider the massive computation that has been thrown behind Bitcoin due to the system essentially overpaying miners; that is, setting an inflation rate might in some way be the same thing as setting the desired minimum hashrate.
So, to recap, 2. (increased fees) is out of the question, leaving 1. (increased price), 3. (increased transaction count), and 4. (increased BTC supply). However, 1. requires 4., and nobody likes 4., so that means they are both out of the question, leaving only 3. (increased transaction count).
It's not clear that larger blocks are even feasible from a technical perspective (unless extreme centralization is acceptable), so a transaction-conslidation network seems like the only workable solution. Regardless, the number of transactions isn't growing rapidly enough to maintain miners' compensation.
In the short term, then, the price of BTC will probably increase, the average transaction fee will probably increase, and the mining industry will probably shrink and become more centralized. Meanwhile, a transaction-consolidation network will probably oe rolled out to handle a growing number of transactions, and there might be some kind of hard fork to provide ever slightly larger blocks into which the transaction-consolidation network can make cheaper settlements, and into which the occasional power-user may place transactions directly.
submitted by SwagPokerz to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Arbing the market by mining then selling at spot/forward

Perhaps a naive question but from what I’ve read, the cost of mining a bitcoin is significantly less than the market price of bitcoin.
Why doesn’t everyone (with a reasonable amount of resources) just arb the market by mining and then selling at spot/fwd?
submitted by binkingontheriver to BitcoinBeginners [link] [comments]

True or false: the price of bitcoin will almost certainly have to double during the block-reward halving (BRH) of 2016.

The nature of bitcoin-mining is such that the amount of mining power increases until the cost of mining one bitcoin is just a few percents less than the price of one bitcoin, making it marginally profitable, much like any business in the world that operates on a few percents net profit after expenses.
Thus when the price of bitcoin drops under the base cost of mining, miners stop selling and begin buying in order to make up for the losses of not being able to sell once the price rises, as it virtually must if you know you're a competitive low-cost miner and the price is under your cost of production.
This is what happened in late 2012 with the first block-reward halving (BRH), miners kept mining but stopped selling, and started buying.
The resulting supply shock resulted in a historic price rise from ~$12 to averaging over $100 for most of the rest of that year with some variation.
Now, we have another block-reward halving coming up in late 2016. If miner's are mining just barely profitably at whatever the price is at that time, do you agree the price of bitcoin must roughly double to support the cost of mining? I can't see any obvious reason why this shouldn't be true.
Of course it's quite likely that speculators will price this expectation in and the price may actually begin rising considerably months before the BRH (block-reward halving). But nonetheless, around that time do you expect to see a considerable price increase? Why or why not?
Ultimately this can kickstart a much higher market cap for all bitcoin, and less supply, meaning more price stability overall.
It may also kick-off another period of investment in mining by the large mining companies who will want to use it as an opportunity to expand, to have equipment ready as lower-efficiency miners will be forced to shut-off their equipment, another slice of the pie will be up for grabs if you can just weather the storm of price shock for a few months.
Nonetheless, we should throw a BRH party when it happens!
submitted by Anenome5 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Just One Bitcoin

My thoughts on Bitcoin and why having just 1 whole bitcoin “could” be the best investment of your lifetime.
Here is my reasoning:
Limited Number 21,000,000
There is a limited number of bitcoin’s, some are lost forever, many have been and are continuing to be scooped up by “whales” or big investors, many are fractions and so on.
Some are yet to be mined and won’t be for over 100 years.
The rest are for us to buy and hold (21 Million Club).
Remember, the complexity and cost of mining future bitcoins, especially in many years to come, will be extremely hard and expensive. They will be mined.
There are many huge OTC (over the counter) Bitcoin transactions happening, in the billions of dollars, that don’t show up and or effect the charts and current pricing.
This means there are even less whole bitcoin available than you think right now.
When the whales sell, many follow and the price go down, then the whales rebuy “YOUR” bitcoin(s).
I believe that there will be a time, not sure when, that owning 1 whole bitcoin will be out of reach for the average person.
However, right now, it is in reach…
At the beginning of mass adoption, like mobile phones, Bitcoin will more than likely, go beyond $100,000 USD. From there it could be in the multi-millions.
Bitcoin will more than likely be measured in Satoshi’s or Bits. I believe based on the above, that this is how Bitcoin will be measured once mass adoption is here.
Meaning that 1 Satoshi or 1 Bit (0.00000001) will be worth 0.001 of a cent USD. (Based on $100,000 USD valuation)
1 Bitcoin = 100,000,000 Satoshi’s or Bits (One Hundred Million) 0.1 Bitcoin = 10,000,000 Satoshi’s or Bits (Ten Million) 0.01 Bitcoin = 1,000,000 Satoshi’s or Bits (One Million) 0.001 Bitcoin = 100,000 Satoshi’s or Bits (One Hundred Thousand) 0.0001 Bitcoin = 10,000 Satoshi’s or Bits (Ten Thousand) And so on…
I don’t believe that Bitcoin will be the only cryptocurrency coin that will have mass adoption and “real world use”. There will be other coins that will stand alongside Bitcoin, one being Litecoin.
Blockchain platforms for decentralized applications are also incredible investment opportunities, if you buy and hold the right coins and or tokens, my opinion on this will be in a future post.
Join the 12 Million Club.
Just my thoughts guys…
submitted by 25thenew23 to u/25thenew23 [link] [comments]

Why I expect a huge price increase for Bitcoin this weekend

Difficulty adjustment downwards as Chinese miners migrate to new mining geographies — downward difficulty adjustments usually flatten the price action as they stop selling to cover costs of intense difficulty rates.
Options expiry on Friday, which should build price momentum this week as shorts cover into November
Trick or treat smell my feet, Bitcoin makes more sense than ETH.
Options into EOY have started to signal 50k as an end of the year target.
Bitcoin did not respond to major equity indices dropping yesterday
A huge amount of gold was found in Siberia and it adds to the glut of gold that is out there.
Rush of buying to hedge stock market exposure as we head into American election uncertainty (though I think Biden will win)
What else am I missing?
submitted by FellatioFellas to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

/r/Monero Weekly Discussion – October 17, 2020 - Use this thread for general chatter, basic questions, and if you're new to Monero

Index

  1. General questions
  2. Wallet: CLI & GUI
  3. Wallet: Ledger
  4. Nodes

1. General questions

Where can I download the Monero wallet?

There are multiple Monero wallets for a wide range of devices at your disposal. Check the table below for details and download links. Attention: for extra security make sure to calculate and compare the checksum of your downloaded files when possible.
Please note the following usage of the labels:
⚠️ - Relatively new and/or beta. Use wallet with caution.
☢️ - Closed source.

Desktop wallets

Wallet Device Description Download link
"Official" GUI / CLI Windows, macOS, Linux Default implementation maintained by the core team. Use this wallet to run a full node and obtain maximum privacy. Integrates with hardware wallets. Current version: 0.16.0.3 / 0.16.0.3. GetMonero.org
MyMonero Windows, macOS, Linux Lightweight wallet -- you don't need to download the blockchain and run a node. MyMonero was developed with the assistance of the core team. It also has web-based and iOS versions. MyMonero.com
Exodus Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Exodus.io
ZelCore Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. It also has Android and iOS versions. Zeltrez.io
Guarda Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Guarda.co

Mobile wallets

Wallet Device Description Download link
Monerujo Android Integrates with Ledger (hardware wallet). Website: https://www.monerujo.io/. Google Play / F-Droid / GitHub
MyMonero iOS Website: https://mymonero.com/ App Store
Cake Wallet iOS Website: https://cakewallet.io/ App Store
X Wallet iOS Website: https://xwallet.tech/ App Store
Edge Wallet Android / iOS Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://edge.app/ Google Play / App Store
ZelCore Android / iOS ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://zelcore.io/ Google Play / App Store
Coinomi Android / iOS ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://www.coinomi.com/ Google Play / App Store
Moxi / Guarda Android / iOS ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://guarda.co/ Google Play / App Store
Exa Wallet Android / iOS ⚠️ Website: https://exan.tech/ Google Play / App Store
Wookey Wallet Android / iOS ⚠️ Website: https://wallet.wookey.io/ Google Play / F-Droid / App Store
Exodus Android / iOS ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://www.exodus.io/monero/) Google Play / [App Store](https://apps.apple.com/app/exodus-crypto-wallet/id1414384820

Web-based wallets

Wallet Description Link
MyMonero Web version of the MyMonero wallet. Web
Guarda Multi-asset wallet. Web

How long does it take for my balance to unlock?

Your balance is unlocked after 10 confirmations (which means 10 mined blocks). A block is mined approximately every two minutes on the Monero network, so that would be around 20 minutes.

How can I prove that I sent a payment?

The fastest and most direct way is by using the ExploreMonero blockchain explorer. You will need to recover the transaction key from your wallet (complete guide for GUI / CLI).

How do I buy Monero (XMR) with Bitcoin (BTC)?

There are dozens of exchanges that trade Monero against Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Check out the list on CoinMarketCap and choose the option that suits you best.

How do I buy Monero (XMR) with fiat?

How can I quickly exchange my Monero (XMR) for Bitcoin (BTC)?

There are multiple ways to exchange your Monero for Bitcoin, but first of all, I'd like to remind you that if you really want to do your part for Monero, one of the simplest ways is to get in touch with your merchant/service provider and request for it to accept Monero directly as payment. Ask the service provider to visit the official website and our communication channels if he or she needs help with system integration.
That being said, the community has been recommending two services in particular, XMR.TO and MorphToken. These services are only recommendations and are operated by entities outside the control of the Monero Project. Be diligent.

How do I mine Monero? And other mining questions.

The correct place to ask questions and discuss the Monero mining scene is in the dedicated subreddit MoneroMining. That being said, you can find a list of pools and available mining software in the GetMonero.org website.

2. Wallet: CLI & GUI

Why I can't see my balance? Where is my XMR?

Before any action there are two things to check:
  1. Are you using the latest available version of the wallet? A new version is released roughly every 6 months, so make sure you're using the current release (compare the release on GetMonero.org with your wallet's version on Settings, under Debug info).
  2. Is your wallet fully synchronized? If it isn't, wait the sync to complete.
Because Monero is different from Bitcoin, wallet synchronization is not instant. The software needs to synchronize the blockchain and use your private keys to identify your transactions. Check in the lower left corner (GUI) if the wallet is synchronized.
You can't send transactions and your balance might be wrong or unavailable if the wallet is not synced with the network. So please wait.
If this is not a sufficient answer for your case and you're looking for more information, please see this answer on StackExchange.

How do I upgrade my wallet to the newest version?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange.

Why does it take so long to sync the wallet [for the first time]?

You have decided to use Monero's wallet and run a local node. Congratulations! You have chosen the safest and most secure option for your privacy, but unfortunately this has an initial cost. The first reason for the slowness is that you will need to download the entire blockchain, which is considerably heavy (+70 GB) and constantly growing. There are technologies being implemented in Monero to slow this growth, however it is inevitable to make this initial download to run a full node. Consider syncing to a device that has an SSD instead of an HDD, as this greatly impacts the speed of synchronization.
Now that the blockchain is on your computer, the next time you run the wallet you only need to download new blocks, which should take seconds or minutes (depending on how often you use the wallet).

I don't want to download the blockchain, how can I skip that?

The way to skip downloading the blockchain is connecting your wallet to a public remote node. You can follow this guide on how to set it up. You can find a list of public remote nodes on MoneroWorld.
Be advised that when using a public remote node you lose some of your privacy. A public remote node is able to identify your IP and opens up a range for certain attacks that further diminish your privacy. A remote node can't see your balance and it can't spend your XMR.

How do I restore my wallet from the mnemonic seed or from the keys?

To restore your wallet with the 25 word mnemonic seed, please see this guide.
To restore your wallet with your keys, please see this guide.

3. Wallet: Ledger

How do I generate a Ledger Monero Wallet with the GUI or CLI?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange. Check this page for the GUI instructions, and this page for the CLI instructions.

4. Nodes

How can my local node become a public remote node?

If you want to support other Monero users by making your node public, you can follow the instructions on MoneroWorld, under the section "How To Include Your Node On Moneroworld".

How can I connect my node via Tor?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange.
submitted by AutoModerator to Monero [link] [comments]

A Detailed Summary of Every Single Reason Why I am Bullish on Ethereum

The following will be a list of the many reasons why I hold and am extremely bullish on ETH.

This is an extremely long post. If you just want the hopium without the detail, read the TL;DR at the bottom.

ETH 2.0

As we all know, ETH 2.0 phase 0 is right around the corner. This will lock up ETH and stakers will earn interest on their ETH in return for securing the network. Next comes phase 1 where the ETH 2 shards are introduced, shards are essentially parallel blockchains which are each responsible for a different part of Ethereum’s workload, think of it like a multi-core processor vs a single core processor. During phase 1, these shards will only act as data availability layers and won’t actually process transactions yet. However, their data can be utilised by the L2 scaling solution, rollups, increasing Ethereum’s throughput in transactions per second up to 100,000 TPS.
After phase 1 comes phase 1.5 which will move the ETH 1.0 chain into an ETH 2 shard and Ethereum will be fully secured by proof of stake. This means that ETH issuance will drop from around 5% per year to less than 1% and with EIP-1559, ETH might become a deflationary asset, but more on that later.
Finally, with ETH 2.0 phase two, each shard will be fully functional chains. With 64 of them, we can expect the base layer of Ethereum to scale around 64x, not including the massive scaling which comes from layer 2 scaling solutions like rollups as previously mentioned.
While the scaling benefits and ETH issuance reduction which comes with ETH 2.0 will be massive, they aren’t the only benefits. We also get benefits such as increased security from PoS compared to PoW, a huge energy efficiency improvement due to the removal of PoW and also the addition of eWASM which will allow contracts to be programmed in a wide range of programming languages, opening the floodgates for millions of web devs who want to be involved in Ethereum but don’t know Ethereum’s programming language, Solidity.

EIP-1559 and ETH scarcity

As I covered in a previous post of mine, ETH doesn’t have a supply cap like Bitcoin. Instead, it has a monetary policy of “minimum viable issuance”, not only is this is a good thing for network security, but with the addition of EIP-1559, it leaves the door open to the possibility of ETH issuance going negative. In short, EIP-1559 changes the fee market to make transaction prices more efficient (helping to alleviate high gas fees!) by burning a variable base fee which changes based on network usage demand rather than using a highest bidder market where miners simply include who pays them the most. This will result in most of the ETH being paid in transaction fees being burned. As of late, the amount which would be burned if EIP-1559 was in Ethereum right now would make ETH a deflationary asset!

Layer 2 Scaling

In the mean time while we are waiting for ETH 2.0, layer 2 scaling is here. Right now, projects such as Deversifi or Loopring utilise rollups to scale to thousands of tx/s on their decentralised exchange platforms or HoneySwap which uses xDai to offer a more scalable alternative to UniSwap. Speaking of which, big DeFi players like UniSwap and Synthetix are actively looking into using optimistic rollups to scale while maintaining composability between DeFi platforms. The most bullish thing about L2 scaling is all of the variety of options. Here’s a non exhaustive list of Ethereum L2 scaling solutions: - Aztec protocol (L2 scaling + privacy!) - ZKSync - Loopring - Raiden - Arbitrum Rollups - xDai - OMGNetwork - Matic - FuelLabs - Starkware - Optimism - Celer Network - + Many more

DeFi and Composability

If you’re reading this, I am sure you are aware of the phenomena which is Decentralised Finance (DeFi or more accurately, open finance). Ethereum is the first platform to offer permissionless and immutable financial services which when interacting with each other, lead to unprecedented composability and innovation in financial applications. A whole new world of possibilities are opening up thanks to this composability as it allows anyone to take existing pieces of open source code from other DeFi projects, put them together like lego pieces (hence the term money legos) and create something the world has never seen before. None of this was possible before Ethereum because typically financial services are heavily regulated and FinTech is usually proprietary software, so you don’t have any open source lego bricks to build off and you have to build everything you need from scratch. That is if what you want to do is even legal for a centralised institution!
Oh, and if you think that DeFi was just a fad and the bubble has popped, guess again! Total value locked in DeFi is currently at an all time high. Don’t believe me? Find out for yourself on the DeFi Pulse website.

NFTs and tokeniation

NFTs or “Non-Fungible Tokens” - despite the name which may confuse a layman - are a basic concept. They are unique tokens with their own unique attributes. This allows you to create digital art, human readable names for your ETH address (see ENS names and unstoppable domains), breedable virtual collectible creatures like crypto kitties, ownable in game assets like Gods Unchained cards or best of all in my opinion, tokenised ownership of real world assets which can even be split into pieces (this doesn’t necessarily require an NFT. Fungible tokens can be/are used for some of the following use cases). This could be tokenised ownership of real estate (see RealT), tokenised ownership of stocks, bonds and other financial assets (which by the way makes them tradable 24/7 and divisible unlike through the traditional system) or even tokenised ownership of the future income of a celebrity or athlete (see when NBA player Spencer Dinwiddie tokenized his own NBA contract.)

Institutional Adoption

Ethereum is by far the most widely adopted blockchain by enterprises. Ethereum’s Enterprise Ethereum Alliance (EEA) is the largest blockchain-enterprise partnership program and Ethereum is by far the most frequently leveraged blockchain for proof of concepts and innovation in the blockchain space by enterprises. Meanwhile, there are protocols like the Baseline protocol which is a shared framework which allows enterprises to use Ethereum as a common frame of reference and a base settlement layer without having to give up privacy when settling on the public Ethereum mainnet. This framework makes adopting Ethereum much easier for other enterprises.

Institutional Investment

One of Bitcoin’s biggest things it has going for it right now is the growing institutional investment. In case you were wondering, Ethereum has this too! Grayscale offers investment in the cryptocurrency space for financial institutions and their Ethereum fund has already locked up more than 2% of the total supply of ETH. Not only this, but as businesses transact on Ethereum and better understand it, not only will they buy up ETH to pay for their transactions, but they will also realise that much like Bitcoin, Ethereum is a scarce asset. Better yet, a scarce asset which offers yield. As a result, I expect to see companies having ETH holdings become the norm just like how Bitcoin is becoming more widespread on companies’ balance sheets.

The state of global markets

With asset prices in almost every asset class at or near all-time highs and interest rates lower than ever and even negative in some cases, there really aren’t many good opportunities in the traditional financial system right now. Enter crypto - clearly the next evolution of financial services (as I explained in the section on DeFi earlier in this post), with scarce assets built in at the protocol layer, buying BTC or ETH is a lot like buying shares in TCP/IP in 1990 (that is if the underlying protocols of the internet could be invested in which they couldn’t). Best of all, major cryptos are down from their all-time highs anywhere between 35% for BTC or 70% for ETH and much more for many altcoins. This means that they can significantly appreciate in value before entering uncharted, speculative bubble territory.
While of course we could fall dramatically at any moment in the current macro financial conditions, as a longer term play, crypto is very alluring. The existing financial system has shown that it is in dire need of replacing and the potential replacement has started rearing its head in the form of crypto and DeFi.

Improvements in user onboarding and abstracting away complexity

Ethereum has started making huge leaps forward in terms of usability for the end user. We now have ENS names and unstoppable domains which allow you to send ETH to yournamehere.ETH or TrickyTroll.crypto (I don’t actually have that domain, that’s just an example). No longer do you have to check every character of your ugly hexadecimal 0x43AB96D… ETH address to ensure you’re sending your ETH to the right person. We also have smart contract wallets like Argent wallet or the Gnosis safe. These allow for users to access their wallets and interact with DeFi self-custodially from an app on their phone without having to record a private key or recovery phrase. Instead, they offer social recovery and their UI is straight forward enough for anyone who uses a smart phone to understand. Finally, for the more experienced users, DApps like Uniswap have pretty, super easy to use graphical user interfaces and can be used by anyone who knows how to run and use a browser extension like Metamask.

The lack of an obvious #1 ETH killer

One of Ethereum’s biggest threats is for it to be overthrown by a so-called “Ethereum killer” blockchain which claims to do everything Ethereum can do and sometimes more. While there are competitors which are each formidable to a certain extent such as Polkadot, Cardano and EOS, each have their own weaknesses. For example, Polkadot and Cardano are not fully operational yet and EOS is much more centralised than Ethereum. As a result, none of these competitors have any significant network effects just yet relative to the behemoth which is Ethereum. This doesn’t mean that these projects aren’t a threat. In fact, I am sure that projects like Polkadot (which is more focused on complimenting Ethereum than killing it) will take a slice out of Ethereum’s pie. However, I am still very confident that Ethereum will remain on top due to the lack of a clear number 2 smart contract platform. Since none of these ETH killers stands out as the second place smart contract platform, it makes it much harder for one project to create a network effect which even begins to threaten Ethereum’s dominance. This leads me onto my next reason - network effects.

Network effects

This is another topic which I made a previous post on. The network effect is why Bitcoin is still the number one cryptocurrency and by such a long way. Bitcoin is not the most technologically advanced cryptocurrency. However, it has the most widespread name recognition and the most adoption in most metrics (ETH beats in in some metrics these days). The network effect is also why most people use Zoom and Facebook messengeWhatsApp despite the existence of free, private, end to end encrypted alternatives which have all the same features (Jitsi for the zoom alternative and Signal for the private messenger app. I highly recommend both. Let’s get their network effects going!). It is the same for Bitcoin. People don’t want to have to learn about or set up a wallet for alternative options. People like what is familiar and what other people use. Nobody wants to be “that guy” who makes you download yet another app and account you have to remember the password/private key for. In the same way, Enterprises don’t want to have to create a bridge between their existing systems and a dozen different blockchains. Developers don’t want to have to create DeFi money legos from scratch on a new chain if they can just plug in to existing services like Uniswap. Likewise, users don’t want to have to download another browser extension to use DApps on another chain if they already use Ethereum. I know personally I have refrained from investing in altcoins because I would have to install another app on my hardware wallet or remember another recovery phrase.
Overthrowing Ethereum’s network effect is one hell of a big task these days. Time is running out for the ETH killers.

Ethereum is the most decentralised and provably neutral smart contract platform

Ethereum is also arguably the most decentralised and provably neutral smart contract platform (except for maybe Ethereum Classic on the neutrality part). Unlike some smart contract platforms, you can’t round up everyone at the Ethereum Foundation or any select group of people and expect to be able to stop the network. Not only this, but the Ethereum foundation doesn’t have the ability to print more ETH or push through changes as they wish like some people would lead you on to believe. The community would reject detrimental EIPs and hard fork. Ever since the DAO hack, the Ethereum community has made it clear that it will not accept EIPs which attempt to roll back the chain even to recover hacked funds (see EIP-999).
Even if governments around the world wanted to censor the Ethereum blockchain, under ETH 2.0’s proof of stake, it would be incredibly costly and would require a double digit percentage of the total ETH supply, much of which would be slashed (meaning they would lose it) as punishment for running dishonest validator nodes. This means that unlike with proof of work where a 51% attacker can keep attacking the network, under proof of stake, an attacker can only perform the attack a couple of times before they lose all of their ETH. This makes attacks much less financially viable than it is on proof of work chains. Network security is much more than what I laid out above and I am far from an expert but the improved resistance to 51% attacks which PoS provides is significant.
Finally, with the US dollar looking like it will lose its reserve currency status and the existing wire transfer system being outdated, superpowers like China won’t want to use US systems and the US won’t want to use a Chinese system. Enter Ethereum, the provably neutral settlement layer where the USA and China don’t have to trust each other or each other’s banks because they can trust Ethereum. While it may sound like a long shot, it does make sense if Ethereum hits a multi-trillion dollar market cap that it is the most secure and neutral way to transfer value between these adversaries. Not to mention if much of the world’s commerce were to be settled in the same place - on Ethereum - then it would make sense for governments to settle on the same platform.

ETH distribution is decentralised

Thanks to over 5 years of proof of work - a system where miners have to sell newly minted ETH to pay for electricity costs - newly mined ETH has found its way into the hands of everyday people who buy ETH off miners selling on exchnages. As pointed out by u/AdamSC1 in his analysis of the top 10K ETH addresses (I highly recommend reading this if you haven’t already), the distribution of ETH is actually slightly more decentralised than Bitcoin with the top 10,000 ETH wallets holding 56.70% of ETH supply compared to the top 10,000 Bitcoin wallets which hold 57.44% of the Bitcoin supply. This decentralised distribution means that the introduction of staking won’t centralise ETH in the hands of a few wallets who could then control the network. This is an advantage for ETH which many proof of stake ETH killers will never have as they never used PoW to distribute funds widely throughout the community and these ETH killers often did funding rounds giving large numbers of tokens to VC investors.

The community

Finally, while I may be biased, I think that Ethereum has the friendliest community. Anecdotally, I find that the Ethereum developer community is full of forward thinking people who want to make the world a better place and build a better future, many of whom are altruistic and don’t always act in their best interests. Compare this to the much more conservative, “at least we’re safe while the world burns” attitude which many Bitcoiners have. I don’t want to generalise too much here as the Bitcoin community is great too and there are some wonderful people there. But the difference is clear if you compare the daily discussion of Bitcoin to the incredibly helpful and welcoming daily discussion of EthFinance who will happily answer your noob questions without calling you an idiot and telling you to do you own research (there are plenty more examples in any of the daily threads). Or the very helpful folks over at EthStaker who will go out of their way to help you set up an ETH 2.0 staking node on the testnets (Shoutout to u/superphiz who does a lot of work over in that sub!). Don’t believe me? Head over to those subs and see for yourself.
Please don’t hate on me if you disagree about which project has the best community, it is just my very biased personal opinion and I respect your opinion if you disagree! :)

TL;DR:

submitted by Tricky_Troll to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

A single global economy of FAIL

I had a lot of fun with Jo_Bones insane vomit yesterday, that retarded chimp is a special one for sure. He inspired me to write some satire of his delusional CSWesque rant. I list some hilarious quotes from him at the end as well from the comment chain.
The original delusional rant

If all governments could agree on any single thing at any point in time, it would be an unprecedented moment in history. A "unicorn moonshot" so to speak. If the unicorn moonshot were to manifest as every government suddenly desiring to throw their already digital currencies into complete disarray and chose a technically inferior and non-compliant product in the process, then you can bet your ass they would use BSV for their fiscal policies. At the moment, here is what came up when I googled Central Banks for the first time today. Here's what came up when I googled fractional reserves. I then googled what reconciled means, and after my eyes rolled back in to my head out of sheer inability to digest the information I was reading, I decided BSV was the blockchain to solve all of this because I personally think this thing is an awesome high-school comp sci project.

If every central bank suddenly decided to relinquish state control of their monetary policy, and instead decided that the security model of 7 amateur software developers paid by an ex-felon hiding in Antigua who controls the #11 cryptocurrency on coinmarketcap was the answer, we could have the opportunity to use a strictly worse version of our current banking software and IT infrastructure. Instant transactions between bank accounts you own? Screw that, welcome to 10 minute block times! Did you fat finger that bill payment to the wrong sender? Too bad, it's gone forever! Welcome to immutability! It's a feature not a bug!

If you extrapolate how bad this is, suddenly taxes would be lower because digital monetary transactions would come to a screeching halt. Can't pay taxes on money you don't have, right? Suck that statists! The world would benefit from one giant economy of scale even though that phrase makes no sense in this context, and in reality is another buzzword I just simply don't have the time to try to understand. I forgot to Google that one I guess. This means prices around the globe would be out of control because we'd have to revert to a primal barter system! My chicken for your box of peaches! The possibilities to fuck over literally the entire world are endless!

Additionally, there would now be a high degree of transparency to how poorly BSV scales, since blocks take hours to propagate at 1GB sizes and that would only represent the hourly transactions of a town of 10,000 people, which would inevitably lead everyone to understand what 99.99% (AKA the non-mentally retarded "subset" of the population) already know.


In the comments I decided to change potential use cases from the utter nonsense I listed above to a couple different things.
https://www.reddit.com/bsv/comments/j9u2jt/a_single_global_economy_of_scale/g8ppeq7/?utm_source=share&utm_medium=web2x&context=3
Here I am demonstrating that I know currency lives in a database today:
The point is that they centrally issue and control their own tokens on the bitcoin network. I don’t see what’s so hard to understand about this. They already issue tokens on their own network. It’s just a different database.
Here I am 7 comments later saying those databases don't allow for digital cash when I just stated they did.
Your SQL databases don’t really allow for digital cash.
Shit maybe token issuance on BSV won't work time to pivot to:
But bank transfers still take days between Europe and Asia and have high fees precisely because all the banks maintain their own networks.
Think of the possibilities guys. You totally can't do this today, right?
so they can (for example) sell a YouTube video directly to the whole world, for their native national token... on the bitcoin network.
Crap, maybe there are some good points there. At least Bitcoin can push transactions out in seconds despite having a 10 minute block time! And wait until you see the block times if anyone ever does try to send a billion tx in a second!
These hashes cost bitcoin, but you can sell billions of them per second.
What do you mean risks of minority hash rate on BSV? Nobody has ever done a 51% attack and not been arrested! THEY'LL LOSE THEIR MINING EQUIPMENT!
Except that it’s illegal to attack another chain, and it’s public, and traceable and the punishment would be your company loses all its mining equipment.
I'm running out of use cases since they're getting shot down so fast. Here's a good one. Why pay $80 a month for internet in 1 transaction, when you can pay for internet 1.7trillion times every month for every data packet you get?
And the advantage of sending 0.0011p to someone might be that they’re providing a service to you, like a data packet.
But think of all the UnIqUe AnD gReAt FeAtUrEs on BSV. Really cutting edge stuff that SQL Server doesn't have due to being obsolete in the 90s, like the ability to append only instead of modify data elements! Also, watch the blockchain desync if you ever tried 1billion tx/sec!
The network scales to handle billions of TX/sec and the ledger is append only so it matches the criteria for keeping accurate records and/or updating them as needs be.
Time to pivot again since I'm being dismantled at every turn. What haven't I mentioned yet?
you haven’t solved the issue of the US dollar being the worlds default currency on which global trade relies.
Here is me doing my best Craig Wright technobabble nonsense impression. I know this is technically English but the words being strung together make no sense!
Once again you’ve really missed the point of all this. A data commodity that comes about through consensus of the network on ‘what value is’ contains a fraction of every part of the global economy.
Time to revert to some Craig Wright technobabble bullshit again:
Those in charge of producing dollars ultimately have an unfair advantage over those who don’t and they can game the system.
That’s a peer to peer internet model where producers get paid directly by consumers for the data they consume and miners get paid according to how fast and how efficiently and how accurately they can deliver the data.

Have I mentioned the fact I don't understand that blockchains are literally distributed databases?
Finally, you can send any kind of data in a bitcoin transaction. Not just fiat currencies issued by a government but audio, video, text, a webpage, etc.
And finally:
It’s very smart. Unlike you.
My transformation is complete.
submitted by pointedpointything to bsv [link] [comments]

Why I’m Bullish on Yield Farming Ahead of the Eth 2.0 Launch

Hello everyone! I noticed that the hype around yield farming and DEX protocols kinda died down and that people focus more on NFTs and artwork-based projects like Rarible. I figured it would be great to (shortly) explain why yield farming lost its popularity and why they will have a comeback ahead of the new ETH 2.0 launch.
If you’re not new here, you know how the DeFi market evolved in the past months. We had a surge of yield farming (liquidity providing) platforms that were hyped at the very beginning but lost a majority of their users real fast, sometimes only days after launching.
I believe that most people were disappointed by this sort of mini speculative bubble and the fact that most projects had devs who rug pulled. Combined with the fact that Ethereum had high network congestion at several points in September and October, traders simply decided to prevent further losses and leave this niche place LP once and for all.
Don’t get me wrong, there are still plenty of yield farming projects that people use and it’s not like people stopped token swapping on Uniswap or anything. Ethereum also calmed down a lot now and the average transaction costs only like what, 80 gwei? But still, I think that people are pretty much aware that if another hype cycle started, the very same pattern would repeat again.
My take on this is that yield farming will regain its popularity in December around the time Ethereum 2.0 launches with its first phase and a lot of scaling solutions like Optimistic launch. If everything runs smoothly, we should have the building blocks for resuming the DeFi bull run and turning yield farming stable, rewarding, and popular once more.
Sure, Ethereum is only launching a small network upgrade that will run side-by-side with the original network, so we won’t see any technical changes anytime soon. But I really believe that ETH 2.0, along with other scaling solutions, will bring back trust and show that there is indeed a bright future for blockchain-based technology ahead of us. And in that future, Proof-of-Stake and liquidity providing will be the modern mining equivalent of running a Bitcoin farm in 2011.
One thing that I’m worried about is that enthusiasts, traders, and investors will still fall for the same projects that promise too much and deliver little. We saw numerous projects that were regarded as reputable in the beginning collapse within a week, like SushiSwap. But at the same time, my line of thinking is that projects that focus on development and spend minimal time on marketing will surface to the top in the end.
For example, while everyone was using Uniswap to swap tokens and provide liquidity, I was doing the same exact thing but cheaper on Anyswap. It is kinda funny since people boast that they earned $1200 through the UNI airdrop but I know for a fact that they spent way more on fees. And guess what? I didn’t even break a $100 threshold in the last three months while using Anyswap. I’m not trying to bash Uniswap here, but all I’m saying is that we already have scalable solutions now but people are too scared to introduce new changes in their lives.
I’m not here to market you anything. I just want to show you that even today, in October 2020, you can discover scalable and rewarding projects that simply work. Find any developer team that works all the time and doesn’t have the time to brag and you’ll know you’re on the right road! Last time I checked, the Anyswap team revealed that the average APY return for their yield farming pools ranges between 100% to 900%. When I asked my crypto friends if they know about this, I found that none of them even heard of Anyswap.
DYOR and find out about the project on your own. I promise that reading about Anyswap and the blockchain it’s based on (Fusion) will be worth the time.
submitted by cryptomir to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

/r/Monero Weekly Discussion – October 24, 2020 - Use this thread for general chatter, basic questions, and if you're new to Monero

Index

  1. General questions
  2. Wallet: CLI & GUI
  3. Wallet: Ledger
  4. Nodes

1. General questions

Where can I download the Monero wallet?

There are multiple Monero wallets for a wide range of devices at your disposal. Check the table below for details and download links. Attention: for extra security make sure to calculate and compare the checksum of your downloaded files when possible.
Please note the following usage of the labels:
⚠️ - Relatively new and/or beta. Use wallet with caution.
☢️ - Closed source.

Desktop wallets

Wallet Device Description Download link
"Official" GUI / CLI Windows, macOS, Linux Default implementation maintained by the core team. Use this wallet to run a full node and obtain maximum privacy. Integrates with hardware wallets. Current version: 0.16.0.3 / 0.16.0.3. GetMonero.org
MyMonero Windows, macOS, Linux Lightweight wallet -- you don't need to download the blockchain and run a node. MyMonero was developed with the assistance of the core team. It also has web-based and iOS versions. MyMonero.com
Exodus Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Exodus.io
ZelCore Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. It also has Android and iOS versions. Zeltrez.io
Guarda Windows, macOS, Linux ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Guarda.co

Mobile wallets

Wallet Device Description Download link
Monerujo Android Integrates with Ledger (hardware wallet). Website: https://www.monerujo.io/. Google Play / F-Droid / GitHub
MyMonero iOS Website: https://mymonero.com/ App Store
Cake Wallet iOS Website: https://cakewallet.io/ App Store
X Wallet iOS Website: https://xwallet.tech/ App Store
Edge Wallet Android / iOS Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://edge.app/ Google Play / App Store
ZelCore Android / iOS ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://zelcore.io/ Google Play / App Store
Coinomi Android / iOS ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://www.coinomi.com/ Google Play / App Store
Moxi / Guarda Android / iOS ⚠️ ☢️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://guarda.co/ Google Play / App Store
Exa Wallet Android / iOS ⚠️ Website: https://exan.tech/ Google Play / App Store
Wookey Wallet Android / iOS ⚠️ Website: https://wallet.wookey.io/ Google Play / F-Droid / App Store
Exodus Android / iOS ⚠️ / Multi-asset wallet. Website: https://www.exodus.io/monero/) Google Play / [App Store](https://apps.apple.com/app/exodus-crypto-wallet/id1414384820

Web-based wallets

Wallet Description Link
MyMonero Web version of the MyMonero wallet. Web
Guarda Multi-asset wallet. Web

How long does it take for my balance to unlock?

Your balance is unlocked after 10 confirmations (which means 10 mined blocks). A block is mined approximately every two minutes on the Monero network, so that would be around 20 minutes.

How can I prove that I sent a payment?

The fastest and most direct way is by using the ExploreMonero blockchain explorer. You will need to recover the transaction key from your wallet (complete guide for GUI / CLI).

How do I buy Monero (XMR) with Bitcoin (BTC)?

There are dozens of exchanges that trade Monero against Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Check out the list on CoinMarketCap and choose the option that suits you best.

How do I buy Monero (XMR) with fiat?

How can I quickly exchange my Monero (XMR) for Bitcoin (BTC)?

There are multiple ways to exchange your Monero for Bitcoin, but first of all, I'd like to remind you that if you really want to do your part for Monero, one of the simplest ways is to get in touch with your merchant/service provider and request for it to accept Monero directly as payment. Ask the service provider to visit the official website and our communication channels if he or she needs help with system integration.
That being said, the community has been recommending two services in particular, XMR.TO and MorphToken. These services are only recommendations and are operated by entities outside the control of the Monero Project. Be diligent.

How do I mine Monero? And other mining questions.

The correct place to ask questions and discuss the Monero mining scene is in the dedicated subreddit MoneroMining. That being said, you can find a list of pools and available mining software in the GetMonero.org website.

2. Wallet: CLI & GUI

Why I can't see my balance? Where is my XMR?

Before any action there are two things to check:
  1. Are you using the latest available version of the wallet? A new version is released roughly every 6 months, so make sure you're using the current release (compare the release on GetMonero.org with your wallet's version on Settings, under Debug info).
  2. Is your wallet fully synchronized? If it isn't, wait the sync to complete.
Because Monero is different from Bitcoin, wallet synchronization is not instant. The software needs to synchronize the blockchain and use your private keys to identify your transactions. Check in the lower left corner (GUI) if the wallet is synchronized.
You can't send transactions and your balance might be wrong or unavailable if the wallet is not synced with the network. So please wait.
If this is not a sufficient answer for your case and you're looking for more information, please see this answer on StackExchange.

How do I upgrade my wallet to the newest version?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange.

Why does it take so long to sync the wallet [for the first time]?

You have decided to use Monero's wallet and run a local node. Congratulations! You have chosen the safest and most secure option for your privacy, but unfortunately this has an initial cost. The first reason for the slowness is that you will need to download the entire blockchain, which is considerably heavy (+70 GB) and constantly growing. There are technologies being implemented in Monero to slow this growth, however it is inevitable to make this initial download to run a full node. Consider syncing to a device that has an SSD instead of an HDD, as this greatly impacts the speed of synchronization.
Now that the blockchain is on your computer, the next time you run the wallet you only need to download new blocks, which should take seconds or minutes (depending on how often you use the wallet).

I don't want to download the blockchain, how can I skip that?

The way to skip downloading the blockchain is connecting your wallet to a public remote node. You can follow this guide on how to set it up. You can find a list of public remote nodes on MoneroWorld.
Be advised that when using a public remote node you lose some of your privacy. A public remote node is able to identify your IP and opens up a range for certain attacks that further diminish your privacy. A remote node can't see your balance and it can't spend your XMR.

How do I restore my wallet from the mnemonic seed or from the keys?

To restore your wallet with the 25 word mnemonic seed, please see this guide.
To restore your wallet with your keys, please see this guide.

3. Wallet: Ledger

How do I generate a Ledger Monero Wallet with the GUI or CLI?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange. Check this page for the GUI instructions, and this page for the CLI instructions.

4. Nodes

How can my local node become a public remote node?

If you want to support other Monero users by making your node public, you can follow the instructions on MoneroWorld, under the section "How To Include Your Node On Moneroworld".

How can I connect my node via Tor?

This question is beautifully answered on StackExchange.
submitted by AutoModerator to Monero [link] [comments]

Ultimate glossary of crypto currency terms, acronyms and abbreviations

I thought it would be really cool to have an ultimate guide for those new to crypto currencies and the terms used. I made this mostly for beginner’s and veterans alike. I’m not sure how much use you will get out of this. Stuff gets lost on Reddit quite easily so I hope this finds its way to you. Included in this list, I have included most of the terms used in crypto-communities. I have compiled this list from a multitude of sources. The list is in alphabetical order and may include some words/terms not exclusive to the crypto world but may be helpful regardless.
2FA
Two factor authentication. I highly advise that you use it.
51% Attack:
A situation where a single malicious individual or group gains control of more than half of a cryptocurrency network’s computing power. Theoretically, it could allow perpetrators to manipulate the system and spend the same coin multiple times, stop other users from completing blocks and make conflicting transactions to a chain that could harm the network.
Address (or Addy):
A unique string of numbers and letters (both upper and lower case) used to send, receive or store cryptocurrency on the network. It is also the public key in a pair of keys needed to sign a digital transaction. Addresses can be shared publicly as a text or in the form of a scannable QR code. They differ between cryptocurrencies. You can’t send Bitcoin to an Ethereum address, for example.
Altcoin (alternative coin): Any digital currency other than Bitcoin. These other currencies are alternatives to Bitcoin regarding features and functionalities (e.g. faster confirmation time, lower price, improved mining algorithm, higher total coin supply). There are hundreds of altcoins, including Ether, Ripple, Litecoin and many many others.
AIRDROP:
An event where the investors/participants are able to receive free tokens or coins into their digital wallet.
AML: Defines Anti-Money Laundering laws**.**
ARBITRAGE:
Getting risk-free profits by trading (simultaneous buying and selling of the cryptocurrency) on two different exchanges which have different prices for the same asset.
Ashdraked:
Being Ashdraked is essentially a more detailed version of being Zhoutonged. It is when you lose all of your invested capital, but you do so specifically by shorting Bitcoin. The expression “Ashdraked” comes from a story of a Romanian cryptocurrency investor who insisted upon shorting BTC, as he had done so successfully in the past. When the price of BTC rose from USD 300 to USD 500, the Romanian investor lost all of his money.
ATH (All Time High):
The highest price ever achieved by a cryptocurrency in its entire history. Alternatively, ATL is all time low
Bearish:
A tendency of prices to fall; a pessimistic expectation that the value of a coin is going to drop.
Bear trap:
A manipulation of a stock or commodity by investors.
Bitcoin:
The very first, and the highest ever valued, mass-market open source and decentralized cryptocurrency and digital payment system that runs on a worldwide peer to peer network. It operates independently of any centralized authorities
Bitconnect:
One of the biggest scams in the crypto world. it was made popular in the meme world by screaming idiot Carlos Matos, who infamously proclaimed," hey hey heeeey” and “what's a what's a what's up wasssssssssuuuuuuuuuuuuup, BitConneeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeect!”. He is now in the mentally ill meme hall of fame.
Block:
A package of permanently recorded data about transactions occurring every time period (typically about 10 minutes) on the blockchain network. Once a record has been completed and verified, it goes into a blockchain and gives way to the next block. Each block also contains a complex mathematical puzzle with a unique answer, without which new blocks can’t be added to the chain.
Blockchain:
An unchangeable digital record of all transactions ever made in a particular cryptocurrency and shared across thousands of computers worldwide. It has no central authority governing it. Records, or blocks, are chained to each other using a cryptographic signature. They are stored publicly and chronologically, from the genesis block to the latest block, hence the term blockchain. Anyone can have access to the database and yet it remains incredibly difficult to hack.
Bullish:
A tendency of prices to rise; an optimistic expectation that a specific cryptocurrency will do well and its value is going to increase.
BTFD:
Buy the fucking dip. This advise was bestowed upon us by the gods themselves. It is the iron code to crypto enthusiasts.
Bull market:
A market that Cryptos are going up.
Consensus:
An agreement among blockchain participants on the validity of data. Consensus is reached when the majority of nodes on the network verify that the transaction is 100% valid.
Crypto bubble:
The instability of cryptocurrencies in terms of price value
Cryptocurrency:
A type of digital currency, secured by strong computer code (cryptography), that operates independently of any middlemen or central authoritie
Cryptography:
The art of converting sensitive data into a format unreadable for unauthorized users, which when decoded would result in a meaningful statement.
Cryptojacking:
The use of someone else’s device and profiting from its computational power to mine cryptocurrency without their knowledge and consent.
Crypto-Valhalla:
When HODLers(holders) eventually cash out they go to a place called crypto-Valhalla. The strong will be separated from the weak and the strong will then be given lambos.
DAO:
Decentralized Autonomous Organizations. It defines A blockchain technology inspired organization or corporation that exists and operates without human intervention.
Dapp (decentralized application):
An open-source application that runs and stores its data on a blockchain network (instead of a central server) to prevent a single failure point. This software is not controlled by the single body – information comes from people providing other people with data or computing power.
Decentralized:
A system with no fundamental control authority that governs the network. Instead, it is jointly managed by all users to the system.
Desktop wallet:
A wallet that stores the private keys on your computer, which allow the spending and management of your bitcoins.
DILDO:
Long red or green candles. This is a crypto signal that tells you that it is not favorable to trade at the moment. Found on candlestick charts.
Digital Signature:
An encrypted digital code attached to an electronic document to prove that the sender is who they say they are and confirm that a transaction is valid and should be accepted by the network.
Double Spending:
An attack on the blockchain where a malicious user manipulates the network by sending digital money to two different recipients at exactly the same time.
DYOR:
Means do your own research.
Encryption:
Converting data into code to protect it from unauthorized access, so that only the intended recipient(s) can decode it.
Eskrow:
the practice of having a third party act as an intermediary in a transaction. This third party holds the funds on and sends them off when the transaction is completed.
Ethereum:
Ethereum is an open source, public, blockchain-based platform that runs smart contracts and allows you to build dapps on it. Ethereum is fueled by the cryptocurrency Ether.
Exchange:
A platform (centralized or decentralized) for exchanging (trading) different forms of cryptocurrencies. These exchanges allow you to exchange cryptos for local currency. Some popular exchanges are Coinbase, Bittrex, Kraken and more.
Faucet:
A website which gives away free cryptocurrencies.
Fiat money:
Fiat currency is legal tender whose value is backed by the government that issued it, such as the US dollar or UK pound.
Fork:
A split in the blockchain, resulting in two separate branches, an original and a new alternate version of the cryptocurrency. As a single blockchain forks into two, they will both run simultaneously on different parts of the network. For example, Bitcoin Cash is a Bitcoin fork.
FOMO:
Fear of missing out.
Frictionless:
A system is frictionless when there are zero transaction costs or trading retraints.
FUD:
Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt regarding the crypto market.
Gas:
A fee paid to run transactions, dapps and smart contracts on Ethereum.
Halving:
A 50% decrease in block reward after the mining of a pre-specified number of blocks. Every 4 years, the “reward” for successfully mining a block of bitcoin is reduced by half. This is referred to as “Halving”.
Hardware wallet:
Physical wallet devices that can securely store cryptocurrency maximally. Some examples are Ledger Nano S**,** Digital Bitbox and more**.**
Hash:
The process that takes input data of varying sizes, performs an operation on it and converts it into a fixed size output. It cannot be reversed.
Hashing:
The process by which you mine bitcoin or similar cryptocurrency, by trying to solve the mathematical problem within it, using cryptographic hash functions.
HODL:
A Bitcoin enthusiast once accidentally misspelled the word HOLD and it is now part of the bitcoin legend. It can also mean hold on for dear life.
ICO (Initial Coin Offering):
A blockchain-based fundraising mechanism, or a public crowd sale of a new digital coin, used to raise capital from supporters for an early stage crypto venture. Beware of these as there have been quite a few scams in the past.
John mcAfee:
A man who will one day eat his balls on live television for falsely predicting bitcoin going to 100k. He has also become a small meme within the crypto community for his outlandish claims.
JOMO:
Joy of missing out. For those who are so depressed about missing out their sadness becomes joy.
KYC:
Know your customer(alternatively consumer).
Lambo:
This stands for Lamborghini. A small meme within the investing community where the moment someone gets rich they spend their earnings on a lambo. One day we will all have lambos in crypto-valhalla.
Ledger:
Away from Blockchain, it is a book of financial transactions and balances. In the world of crypto, the blockchain functions as a ledger. A digital currency’s ledger records all transactions which took place on a certain block chain network.
Leverage:
Trading with borrowed capital (margin) in order to increase the potential return of an investment.
Liquidity:
The availability of an asset to be bought and sold easily, without affecting its market price.
of the coins.
Margin trading:
The trading of assets or securities bought with borrowed money.
Market cap/MCAP:
A short-term for Market Capitalization. Market Capitalization refers to the market value of a particular cryptocurrency. It is computed by multiplying the Price of an individual unit of coins by the total circulating supply.
Miner:
A computer participating in any cryptocurrency network performing proof of work. This is usually done to receive block rewards.
Mining:
The act of solving a complex math equation to validate a blockchain transaction using computer processing power and specialized hardware.
Mining contract:
A method of investing in bitcoin mining hardware, allowing anyone to rent out a pre-specified amount of hashing power, for an agreed amount of time. The mining service takes care of hardware maintenance, hosting and electricity costs, making it simpler for investors.
Mining rig:
A computer specially designed for mining cryptocurrencies.
Mooning:
A situation the price of a coin rapidly increases in value. Can also be used as: “I hope bitcoin goes to the moon”
Node:
Any computing device that connects to the blockchain network.
Open source:
The practice of sharing the source code for a piece of computer software, allowing it to be distributed and altered by anyone.
OTC:
Over the counter. Trading is done directly between parties.
P2P (Peer to Peer):
A type of network connection where participants interact directly with each other rather than through a centralized third party. The system allows the exchange of resources from A to B, without having to go through a separate server.
Paper wallet:
A form of “cold storage” where the private keys are printed onto a piece of paper and stored offline. Considered as one of the safest crypto wallets, the truth is that it majors in sweeping coins from your wallets.
Pre mining:
The mining of a cryptocurrency by its developers before it is released to the public.
Proof of stake (POS):
A consensus distribution algorithm which essentially rewards you based upon the amount of the coin that you own. In other words, more investment in the coin will leads to more gain when you mine with this protocol In Proof of Stake, the resource held by the “miner” is their stake in the currency.
PROOF OF WORK (POW) :
The competition of computers competing to solve a tough crypto math problem. The first computer that does this is allowed to create new blocks and record information.” The miner is then usually rewarded via transaction fees.
Protocol:
A standardized set of rules for formatting and processing data.
Public key / private key:
A cryptographic code that allows a user to receive cryptocurrencies into an account. The public key is made available to everyone via a publicly accessible directory, and the private key remains confidential to its respective owner. Because the key pair is mathematically related, whatever is encrypted with a public key may only be decrypted by its corresponding private key.
Pump and dump:
Massive buying and selling activity of cryptocurrencies (sometimes organized and to one’s benefit) which essentially result in a phenomenon where the significant surge in the value of coin followed by a huge crash take place in a short time frame.
Recovery phrase:
A set of phrases you are given whereby you can regain or access your wallet should you lose the private key to your wallets — paper, mobile, desktop, and hardware wallet. These phrases are some random 12–24 words. A recovery Phrase can also be called as Recovery seed, Seed Key, Recovery Key, or Seed Phrase.
REKT:
Referring to the word “wrecked”. It defines a situation whereby an investor or trader who has been ruined utterly following the massive losses suffered in crypto industry.
Ripple:
An alternative payment network to Bitcoin based on similar cryptography. The ripple network uses XRP as currency and is capable of sending any asset type.
ROI:
Return on investment.
Safu:
A crypto term for safe popularized by the Bizonnaci YouTube channel after the CEO of Binance tweeted
“Funds are safe."
“the exchage I use got hacked!”“Oh no, are your funds safu?”
“My coins better be safu!”


Sats/Satoshi:
The smallest fraction of a bitcoin is called a “satoshi” or “sat”. It represents one hundred-millionth of a bitcoin and is named after Satoshi Nakamoto.
Satoshi Nakamoto:
This was the pseudonym for the mysterious creator of Bitcoin.
Scalability:
The ability of a cryptocurrency to contain the massive use of its Blockchain.
Sharding:
A scaling solution for the Blockchain. It is generally a method that allows nodes to have partial copies of the complete blockchain in order to increase overall network performance and consensus speeds.
Shitcoin:
Coin with little potential or future prospects.
Shill:
Spreading buzz by heavily promoting a particular coin in the community to create awareness.
Short position:
Selling of a specific cryptocurrency with an expectation that it will drop in value.
Silk road:
The online marketplace where drugs and other illicit items were traded for Bitcoin. This marketplace is using accessed through “TOR”, and VPNs. In October 2013, a Silk Road was shut down in by the FBI.
Smart Contract:
Certain computational benchmarks or barriers that have to be met in turn for money or data to be deposited or even be used to verify things such as land rights.
Software Wallet:
A crypto wallet that exists purely as software files on a computer. Usually, software wallets can be generated for free from a variety of sources.
Solidity:
A contract-oriented coding language for implementing smart contracts on Ethereum. Its syntax is similar to that of JavaScript.
Stable coin:
A cryptocoin with an extremely low volatility that can be used to trade against the overall market.
Staking:
Staking is the process of actively participating in transaction validation (similar to mining) on a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain. On these blockchains, anyone with a minimum-required balance of a specific cryptocurrency can validate transactions and earn Staking rewards.
Surge:
When a crypto currency appreciates or goes up in price.
Tank:
The opposite of mooning. When a coin tanks it can also be described as crashing.
Tendies
For traders , the chief prize is “tendies” (chicken tenders, the treat an overgrown man-child receives for being a “Good Boy”) .
Token:
A unit of value that represents a digital asset built on a blockchain system. A token is usually considered as a “coin” of a cryptocurrency, but it really has a wider functionality.
TOR: “The Onion Router” is a free web browser designed to protect users’ anonymity and resist censorship. Tor is usually used surfing the web anonymously and access sites on the “Darkweb”.
Transaction fee:
An amount of money users are charged from their transaction when sending cryptocurrencies.
Volatility:
A measure of fluctuations in the price of a financial instrument over time. High volatility in bitcoin is seen as risky since its shifting value discourages people from spending or accepting it.
Wallet:
A file that stores all your private keys and communicates with the blockchain to perform transactions. It allows you to send and receive bitcoins securely as well as view your balance and transaction history.
Whale:
An investor that holds a tremendous amount of cryptocurrency. Their extraordinary large holdings allow them to control prices and manipulate the market.
Whitepaper:

A comprehensive report or guide made to understand an issue or help decision making. It is also seen as a technical write up that most cryptocurrencies provide to take a deep look into the structure and plan of the cryptocurrency/Blockchain project. Satoshi Nakamoto was the first to release a whitepaper on Bitcoin, titled “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” in late 2008.
And with that I finally complete my odyssey. I sincerely hope that this helped you and if you are new, I welcome you to crypto. If you read all of that I hope it increased, you in knowledge.
my final definition:
Crypto-Family:
A collection of all the HODLers and crypto fanatics. A place where all people alike unite over a love for crypto.
We are all in this together as we pioneer the new world that is crypto currency. I wish you a great day and Happy HODLing.
-u/flacciduck
feel free to comment words or terms that you feel should be included or about any errors I made.
Edit1:some fixes were made and added words.
submitted by flacciduck to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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7 DAY$-24/HR$ - BITCOIN MINING EXPERIMENT - See How Much ...

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